This work discusses smart building applications involving the Internet of Things (IoT) which are focused on energy consumption monitoring and forecasting systems, as well as indoor air quality (IAQ) control. Low-cost hardware integrating sensors and open source platforms are implemented for cloud data transmission, data storage and data processing. Advanced data analytics is performed by the seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) method and a long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network with an accurate calculation performance about energy predictions. The proposed results are developed within the framework of the R&D project Data System Platform for Smart Communities (D-SySCOM), which is oriented to a smart public building application. The main goal of the work was to define a guideline-matching energy efficiency with wellness in public indoor environments, by providing modular low-cost solutions which are easily implementable for advanced data processing. The implemented technologies are suitable to define an efficient organizational user protocol based on energy efficiency and worker wellness. The estimated performance of mean square error (MSE) of 0.01 of the adopted algorithms proves the efficiency of the implemented building monitoring system in terms of energy consumption forecasting. In addition, the possibility of designing and implementing a modular low-cost hardware–software system was demonstrated utilizing open source tools in a way that was oriented to smart buildings approaches.

Advanced Data Systems for Energy Consumption Optimization and Air Quality Control in Smart Public Buildings Using a Versatile Open Source Approach

Giuseppe Starace
Primo
;
Amber Tiwari
Secondo
;
Gianpiero Colangelo
Co-ultimo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

This work discusses smart building applications involving the Internet of Things (IoT) which are focused on energy consumption monitoring and forecasting systems, as well as indoor air quality (IAQ) control. Low-cost hardware integrating sensors and open source platforms are implemented for cloud data transmission, data storage and data processing. Advanced data analytics is performed by the seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) method and a long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network with an accurate calculation performance about energy predictions. The proposed results are developed within the framework of the R&D project Data System Platform for Smart Communities (D-SySCOM), which is oriented to a smart public building application. The main goal of the work was to define a guideline-matching energy efficiency with wellness in public indoor environments, by providing modular low-cost solutions which are easily implementable for advanced data processing. The implemented technologies are suitable to define an efficient organizational user protocol based on energy efficiency and worker wellness. The estimated performance of mean square error (MSE) of 0.01 of the adopted algorithms proves the efficiency of the implemented building monitoring system in terms of energy consumption forecasting. In addition, the possibility of designing and implementing a modular low-cost hardware–software system was demonstrated utilizing open source tools in a way that was oriented to smart buildings approaches.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/479064
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