Solid-state neutron detectors exploit nuclear interactions producing energetic charged particles within a converter layer embedding nuclei with high neutron capture cross section and with thickness compatible with the charged particle range. Recently, boron-10 (10B) is being considered as a valid alternative to the expensive and decreasingly available 3He gas thanks to its large neutron absorption cross section and high-energy reaction products. Minimized amounts of impurities, films with optimal and well-controlled thickness, good uniformity over large areas and good adhesion to the substrates are essential to achieve efficient neutron detection performance. In this study, we present well-adherent 1-µm-thick 10B-enriched boron coatings, deposited over a large area by off-axis pulsed laser deposition (PLD) using a nanosecond Nd-YAG laser beam operating at 1064 nm and high fluence (~ 10 J/cm2), onto 1-mm-thick Al substrate as well as smooth and rough C substrates. By combining plasma plume divergence and peaked profile under off-axis deposition geometry, uniform10B films were obtained over an area of a 3.4 × 3.4 cm2. We discuss the morphological characteristics of our deposits as related to the mechanisms of nanosecond laser ablation and present energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) elemental analysis of the film, paying attention to the different surface features. Negligible presence of O, N and C contaminants was achieved by controlled vacuum conditions. Moreover, we present encouraging neutron detection performances of our film deposited onto Al.

10B-based films grown by pulsed laser deposition for neutron conversion applications

Cesaria M.;Lorusso A.;Caricato A. P.
;
Martino M.;Calcagnile L.;Perrone A.;Quarta G.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Solid-state neutron detectors exploit nuclear interactions producing energetic charged particles within a converter layer embedding nuclei with high neutron capture cross section and with thickness compatible with the charged particle range. Recently, boron-10 (10B) is being considered as a valid alternative to the expensive and decreasingly available 3He gas thanks to its large neutron absorption cross section and high-energy reaction products. Minimized amounts of impurities, films with optimal and well-controlled thickness, good uniformity over large areas and good adhesion to the substrates are essential to achieve efficient neutron detection performance. In this study, we present well-adherent 1-µm-thick 10B-enriched boron coatings, deposited over a large area by off-axis pulsed laser deposition (PLD) using a nanosecond Nd-YAG laser beam operating at 1064 nm and high fluence (~ 10 J/cm2), onto 1-mm-thick Al substrate as well as smooth and rough C substrates. By combining plasma plume divergence and peaked profile under off-axis deposition geometry, uniform10B films were obtained over an area of a 3.4 × 3.4 cm2. We discuss the morphological characteristics of our deposits as related to the mechanisms of nanosecond laser ablation and present energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) elemental analysis of the film, paying attention to the different surface features. Negligible presence of O, N and C contaminants was achieved by controlled vacuum conditions. Moreover, we present encouraging neutron detection performances of our film deposited onto Al.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/440134
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact