Tomato landraces have progressively faded into obscurity, making way for new hybrids and elite tomato cultivars. This study presents a comprehensive evaluation of the agronomic attributes, physicochemical properties, and functional traits across seven cultivars, comprising two high-pigment varieties, 'HLT-F81' and 'HLT-F82', as well as five underutilized ancient-tomato genotypes considered as landraces. Most of the studied genotypes exhibited satisfactory horticultural and processing traits. The average fruit weight ranged from 73.3 g in 'Rimone' to 91.83 g in 'HLT-F81', while the soluble solids content ranged from 4.66 degrees Brix in 'Justar' to 6.08 degrees Brix in 'HLT-F81'. The functional quality and the content of most antioxidants, as well as the antioxidant activity in both hydrophilic and lipophilic fractions, proved to be the most discriminating parameters among the tomato genotypes. The content of beta-carotene and lycopene spanned from 2.94 mg kg(-1) fw in 'Rio Grande' to 13.94 mg kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F82' and 227.8 mg kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F81', yielding large variations compared to 'Rio Grande'. The total phenolic content ranged from 139.83 mg GAE kg(-1) fw in 'Rimone' to 352.41 mg GAE kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F81', while the flavonoid content varied from 136.16 mg RE kg(-1) fw in 'Justar' to 311.23 mg RE kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F82'. The presence of tocopherol isomers was genotype-dependent, with a higher content in lines carrying the high-pigment mutations. Among the tested tomato genotypes, the high-pigment tomato line 'HLT-F81' achieved the highest hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidant activity values. This study primarily focused on the recovery and valorization of tomato genetic resources and landraces. It also aimed to identify desirable horticultural (yield, low-input, and low-water demand), processing (degrees Brix and titratable acidity), and quality (rich antioxidant berries) traits for introgression into new tomato cultivars better suited to the evolving climate conditions of the near future.

Phytochemical Profile and Antioxidant Activity of Some Open-Field Ancient-Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Genotypes and Promising Breeding Lines

Lenucci, Marcello Salvatore
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Tomato landraces have progressively faded into obscurity, making way for new hybrids and elite tomato cultivars. This study presents a comprehensive evaluation of the agronomic attributes, physicochemical properties, and functional traits across seven cultivars, comprising two high-pigment varieties, 'HLT-F81' and 'HLT-F82', as well as five underutilized ancient-tomato genotypes considered as landraces. Most of the studied genotypes exhibited satisfactory horticultural and processing traits. The average fruit weight ranged from 73.3 g in 'Rimone' to 91.83 g in 'HLT-F81', while the soluble solids content ranged from 4.66 degrees Brix in 'Justar' to 6.08 degrees Brix in 'HLT-F81'. The functional quality and the content of most antioxidants, as well as the antioxidant activity in both hydrophilic and lipophilic fractions, proved to be the most discriminating parameters among the tomato genotypes. The content of beta-carotene and lycopene spanned from 2.94 mg kg(-1) fw in 'Rio Grande' to 13.94 mg kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F82' and 227.8 mg kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F81', yielding large variations compared to 'Rio Grande'. The total phenolic content ranged from 139.83 mg GAE kg(-1) fw in 'Rimone' to 352.41 mg GAE kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F81', while the flavonoid content varied from 136.16 mg RE kg(-1) fw in 'Justar' to 311.23 mg RE kg(-1) fw in 'HLT-F82'. The presence of tocopherol isomers was genotype-dependent, with a higher content in lines carrying the high-pigment mutations. Among the tested tomato genotypes, the high-pigment tomato line 'HLT-F81' achieved the highest hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidant activity values. This study primarily focused on the recovery and valorization of tomato genetic resources and landraces. It also aimed to identify desirable horticultural (yield, low-input, and low-water demand), processing (degrees Brix and titratable acidity), and quality (rich antioxidant berries) traits for introgression into new tomato cultivars better suited to the evolving climate conditions of the near future.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/516406
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