The role of 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2), initially considered only a 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) catabolite, in the bioenergetic metabolism is of growing interest. In this study we investigated the acute effects (within 1 h) of T2 administration to hypothyroid rats on liver mitochondria fatty acid uptake and β-oxidation rate, mitochondrial efficiency (by measuring proton leak) and mitochondrial oxidative damage (by determining H2O2 release). Fatty acid uptake into mitochondria was measured assaying carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) I and II activities, and fatty acid β-oxidation using palmitoyl-CoA as a respiratory substrate. Mitochondrial fatty acid pattern was defined by gas-liquid chromatography. In hypothyroid + T2 vs hypothyroid rats we observed a raise in the serum level of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), in the mitochondrial CPT system activity and in the fatty acid β-oxidation rate. A parallel increase in the respiratory chain activity, mainly from succinate, occurs. When fatty acids are chelated by bovine serum albumin, a T2-induced increase in both state 3 and state 4 respiration is observed, while, when fatty acids are present, mitochondrial uncoupling occurs together with increased proton leak, responsible for mitochondrial thermogenesis. T2 administration decreases mitochondrial oxidative stress as determined by lower H2O2 production. We conclude that in rat liver mitochondria T2 acutely enhances the rate of fatty acid β-oxidation, and the activity of the downstream respiratory chain. The T2-induced increase in proton leak may contribute to mitochondrial thermogenesis and to the reduction of oxidative stress. Our results strengthen the previously reported ability of T2 to reduce adiposity, dyslipidemia and to prevent liver steatosis.

Acute administration of 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine to hypothyroid rats stimulates bioenergetic parameters in liver mitochondria

CAVALLO, ALESSANDRO;TAURINO, FEDERICA;DAMIANO, FABRIZIO;SICULELLA, Luisa;GNONI, ANTONIO
2016-01-01

Abstract

The role of 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2), initially considered only a 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) catabolite, in the bioenergetic metabolism is of growing interest. In this study we investigated the acute effects (within 1 h) of T2 administration to hypothyroid rats on liver mitochondria fatty acid uptake and β-oxidation rate, mitochondrial efficiency (by measuring proton leak) and mitochondrial oxidative damage (by determining H2O2 release). Fatty acid uptake into mitochondria was measured assaying carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) I and II activities, and fatty acid β-oxidation using palmitoyl-CoA as a respiratory substrate. Mitochondrial fatty acid pattern was defined by gas-liquid chromatography. In hypothyroid + T2 vs hypothyroid rats we observed a raise in the serum level of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), in the mitochondrial CPT system activity and in the fatty acid β-oxidation rate. A parallel increase in the respiratory chain activity, mainly from succinate, occurs. When fatty acids are chelated by bovine serum albumin, a T2-induced increase in both state 3 and state 4 respiration is observed, while, when fatty acids are present, mitochondrial uncoupling occurs together with increased proton leak, responsible for mitochondrial thermogenesis. T2 administration decreases mitochondrial oxidative stress as determined by lower H2O2 production. We conclude that in rat liver mitochondria T2 acutely enhances the rate of fatty acid β-oxidation, and the activity of the downstream respiratory chain. The T2-induced increase in proton leak may contribute to mitochondrial thermogenesis and to the reduction of oxidative stress. Our results strengthen the previously reported ability of T2 to reduce adiposity, dyslipidemia and to prevent liver steatosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/409570
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