The sub-cellular feruloylation and oxidative coupling sites of cell wall polysaccharides were investigated in planta by monitoring the kinetics of appearance of arabinosyl- and feruloyl-radiolabelled polysaccharides in the protoplasmic compartment and their secretion in the wall either in the presence or absence of brefeldin A (BFA). By using root apical segments excised from wheat seedlings (Triticum durum Desf.), incubated with trans-[U- 14C]cinnamic acid, we demonstrated that [14C]ferulate, likely [14C]diferulate, as well as trimers and larger products of ferulate are incorporated into the protoplasmic polysaccharides very rapidly within 1–3 min of [14C]cinnamate feeding. This agrees with the assumption that (glucurono) arabinoxylans [(G)AX] feruloylation and oxidative coupling occur intracellularly, likely in the Golgi apparatus. Simultaneously, polymer bound radioactive hydroxycinnamic acids appeared to be incorporated into the cell wall of root apical segments as early as 2 min after trans-[U- 14C]cinnamic acid feeding. On the contrary, starting from L-[1-14C]arabinose as tracer, the secretion of the pentose- containing polymers into the wall was between 5 to 10 min. These results indicated that (G)AX feruloylation and oxidative coupling occur both intra-protoplasmically and in muro. The occurrence of in muro feruloylation and oxidative coupling was conWrmed by the use of BFA a well known inhibitor of secretion. The drug caused a strong inhibition of the synthesis and secretion into the wall of the 14C-pentosyl-labelled polymers as well as of 14C-feruloylpolymers. In spite of this, the total amount of 14C-feruloylpolymers incorporated into the wall was only slightly aVected by BFA. This indicates the existence of a mechanism involved into secretion of the activated hydroxycinnamoyl precursors to the wall, alternative to that involved in polysaccharide secretion.

Evidence for intra- and extra-protoplasmic feruloylation and cross-linking in wheat seedlings roots.

LENUCCI, Marcello Salvatore;PIRO, Gabriella;DALESSANDRO, Giuseppe
2009

Abstract

The sub-cellular feruloylation and oxidative coupling sites of cell wall polysaccharides were investigated in planta by monitoring the kinetics of appearance of arabinosyl- and feruloyl-radiolabelled polysaccharides in the protoplasmic compartment and their secretion in the wall either in the presence or absence of brefeldin A (BFA). By using root apical segments excised from wheat seedlings (Triticum durum Desf.), incubated with trans-[U- 14C]cinnamic acid, we demonstrated that [14C]ferulate, likely [14C]diferulate, as well as trimers and larger products of ferulate are incorporated into the protoplasmic polysaccharides very rapidly within 1–3 min of [14C]cinnamate feeding. This agrees with the assumption that (glucurono) arabinoxylans [(G)AX] feruloylation and oxidative coupling occur intracellularly, likely in the Golgi apparatus. Simultaneously, polymer bound radioactive hydroxycinnamic acids appeared to be incorporated into the cell wall of root apical segments as early as 2 min after trans-[U- 14C]cinnamic acid feeding. On the contrary, starting from L-[1-14C]arabinose as tracer, the secretion of the pentose- containing polymers into the wall was between 5 to 10 min. These results indicated that (G)AX feruloylation and oxidative coupling occur both intra-protoplasmically and in muro. The occurrence of in muro feruloylation and oxidative coupling was conWrmed by the use of BFA a well known inhibitor of secretion. The drug caused a strong inhibition of the synthesis and secretion into the wall of the 14C-pentosyl-labelled polymers as well as of 14C-feruloylpolymers. In spite of this, the total amount of 14C-feruloylpolymers incorporated into the wall was only slightly aVected by BFA. This indicates the existence of a mechanism involved into secretion of the activated hydroxycinnamoyl precursors to the wall, alternative to that involved in polysaccharide secretion.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/329365
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