In this paper, a two-dimensional eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM) solution is presented for the hydro-mechanically coupled hydro-frac-induced propagation of multiple fractures in rocks. Fractures are considered one-dimensional objects, and the rock matrix is regarded as a two-dimensional medium. Rules for improving the accuracy of the solution are included to deal with the transfer of variables between fractures and matrix in the coupling process. The main variables include fluid pressure and fracture aperture. The following assumptions are made: (1) the fluid pressure inside a fracture is applied as a net pressure; (2) fluid leak-off is ignored; (3) the fluid front is regarded as a fracture front provided that the area of fluid lag has a small effect on fracture propagation compared to the area at which the fluid pressure is applied. The fluid flow is governed by the lubrication equation, while the XFEM is used to describe the behaviour of the elastic medium. The simulation results are compared with analytical solutions for a single hydraulic fracture model to verify and validate the proposed algorithm. A simulation with multiple hydraulic fractures is also performed to investigate the interference effect of multiple fractures and fracture propagation. The shadow effect caused by multiple fractures is analysed to manifest the stress variation along the propagation path.

A hydro‐mechanically‐coupled XFEM model for the injection‐induced evolution of multiple fractures

Fidelibus, Corrado
2023-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, a two-dimensional eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM) solution is presented for the hydro-mechanically coupled hydro-frac-induced propagation of multiple fractures in rocks. Fractures are considered one-dimensional objects, and the rock matrix is regarded as a two-dimensional medium. Rules for improving the accuracy of the solution are included to deal with the transfer of variables between fractures and matrix in the coupling process. The main variables include fluid pressure and fracture aperture. The following assumptions are made: (1) the fluid pressure inside a fracture is applied as a net pressure; (2) fluid leak-off is ignored; (3) the fluid front is regarded as a fracture front provided that the area of fluid lag has a small effect on fracture propagation compared to the area at which the fluid pressure is applied. The fluid flow is governed by the lubrication equation, while the XFEM is used to describe the behaviour of the elastic medium. The simulation results are compared with analytical solutions for a single hydraulic fracture model to verify and validate the proposed algorithm. A simulation with multiple hydraulic fractures is also performed to investigate the interference effect of multiple fractures and fracture propagation. The shadow effect caused by multiple fractures is analysed to manifest the stress variation along the propagation path.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/517948
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