We study bosonic systems in the regime in which the two-body system has a shallow bound state or, equivalently, a large value of the two-body scattering length. Using the effective field theory framework as a guidance, we construct a series of potential terms which have a decreasing importance in the description of the binding energy of the systems. The leading-order potential terms consist in a two-body term, usually attractive, plus a three-body term, usually repulsive; this last term is required to prevent the collapse of systems with more than two particles. At this order, the parametrization of the two-body potential is done to obtain a correct description of the scattering length, which governs the dynamics in this regime, whereas the three-body term fixes a three-body datum. We investigate the role of the cutoff in the leading-order description, and we extend the exploration beyond the leading order by including the next-to-leading-order terms in both the two- and three-body potentials. We use the requirement of the stability of the N-body system, whose energy is variationally estimated, to introduce the three-body forces. The potential parametrization, as a function of the cutoff, is fixed to describe the energy of 4He clusters up to seven particles within the expected accuracy. Finally, we also explore the possibility to describe at the same time the atom-dimer scattering length.

Subleading contributions to N-boson systems inside the universal window

L. Girlanda;
2022-01-01

Abstract

We study bosonic systems in the regime in which the two-body system has a shallow bound state or, equivalently, a large value of the two-body scattering length. Using the effective field theory framework as a guidance, we construct a series of potential terms which have a decreasing importance in the description of the binding energy of the systems. The leading-order potential terms consist in a two-body term, usually attractive, plus a three-body term, usually repulsive; this last term is required to prevent the collapse of systems with more than two particles. At this order, the parametrization of the two-body potential is done to obtain a correct description of the scattering length, which governs the dynamics in this regime, whereas the three-body term fixes a three-body datum. We investigate the role of the cutoff in the leading-order description, and we extend the exploration beyond the leading order by including the next-to-leading-order terms in both the two- and three-body potentials. We use the requirement of the stability of the N-body system, whose energy is variationally estimated, to introduce the three-body forces. The potential parametrization, as a function of the cutoff, is fixed to describe the energy of 4He clusters up to seven particles within the expected accuracy. Finally, we also explore the possibility to describe at the same time the atom-dimer scattering length.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/489247
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