We consider restricted Boltzmann machine (RBMs) trained over an unstructured dataset made of blurred copies of definite but unavailable “archetypes” and we show that there exists a critical sample size beyond which the RBM can learn archetypes, namely the machine can successfully play as a generative model or as a classifier, according to the operational routine. In general, assessing a critical sample size (possibly in relation to the quality of the dataset) is still an open problem in machine learning. Here, restricting to the random theory, where shallow networks suffice and the “grandmother-cell” scenario is correct, we leverage the formal equivalence between RBMs and Hopfield networks, to obtain a phase diagram for both the neural architectures which highlights regions, in the space of the control parameters (i.e., number of archetypes, number of neurons, size and quality of the training set), where learning can be accomplished. Our investigations are led by analytical methods based on the statistical-mechanics of disordered systems and results are further corroborated by extensive Monte Carlo simulations.

The emergence of a concept in shallow neural networks

Barra A.
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

We consider restricted Boltzmann machine (RBMs) trained over an unstructured dataset made of blurred copies of definite but unavailable “archetypes” and we show that there exists a critical sample size beyond which the RBM can learn archetypes, namely the machine can successfully play as a generative model or as a classifier, according to the operational routine. In general, assessing a critical sample size (possibly in relation to the quality of the dataset) is still an open problem in machine learning. Here, restricting to the random theory, where shallow networks suffice and the “grandmother-cell” scenario is correct, we leverage the formal equivalence between RBMs and Hopfield networks, to obtain a phase diagram for both the neural architectures which highlights regions, in the space of the control parameters (i.e., number of archetypes, number of neurons, size and quality of the training set), where learning can be accomplished. Our investigations are led by analytical methods based on the statistical-mechanics of disordered systems and results are further corroborated by extensive Monte Carlo simulations.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
6_NN_2022.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.7 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.7 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/488906
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact