Phase change materials (PCMs) are growing in importance in many thermal applications as heat storage or to smooth the energy peak demand in many technological fields in industrial as well as in civil applications. Conductive nanoparticles can be added to phase change material to improve their thermo-physical properties. In this work, Iron oxide nanoparticles (IOx-NPs) were synthesized using a simple and green synthesis method, free of toxic and harmful solvents, using the extract of a plant as a reducer and stabilizer at two different temperatures of calcination 500°C and 750°C. The metallic oxide was used as an additive with 2% wt. compositions to paraffin wax to prepare a nanocomposite. The variation in thermal properties of paraffin wax in the composite was experimentally investigated. The biosynthesized IOx-NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) techniques. The thermal properties of the synthesized nanocomposites were characterized by a thermal conductivity analyzer and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The FTIR spectra showed a bond at 535 cm-1, which confirms the Fe-O vibration. The XRD powder analysis revealed the formation of the cubic phase of Fe3O4 with an average particle size of 11 nm at 500°C and the presence of the phase α-Fe2O3 with Fe3O4 at 750°C. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed that the obtained oxide was made up of particles of nanoscale size. Experimental measurements showed that the presence of nanoparticles can improve the latent heat capacity by a maximum of 16.16 % and the thermal conductivity of the nanocomposites by a maximum of 16.99%.

Thermo-physical properties of paraffin wax with iron oxide nanoparticles as phase change material for heat storage applications

Jebali M.
Co-primo
;
Colangelo G.
Co-primo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Phase change materials (PCMs) are growing in importance in many thermal applications as heat storage or to smooth the energy peak demand in many technological fields in industrial as well as in civil applications. Conductive nanoparticles can be added to phase change material to improve their thermo-physical properties. In this work, Iron oxide nanoparticles (IOx-NPs) were synthesized using a simple and green synthesis method, free of toxic and harmful solvents, using the extract of a plant as a reducer and stabilizer at two different temperatures of calcination 500°C and 750°C. The metallic oxide was used as an additive with 2% wt. compositions to paraffin wax to prepare a nanocomposite. The variation in thermal properties of paraffin wax in the composite was experimentally investigated. The biosynthesized IOx-NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) techniques. The thermal properties of the synthesized nanocomposites were characterized by a thermal conductivity analyzer and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The FTIR spectra showed a bond at 535 cm-1, which confirms the Fe-O vibration. The XRD powder analysis revealed the formation of the cubic phase of Fe3O4 with an average particle size of 11 nm at 500°C and the presence of the phase α-Fe2O3 with Fe3O4 at 750°C. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed that the obtained oxide was made up of particles of nanoscale size. Experimental measurements showed that the presence of nanoparticles can improve the latent heat capacity by a maximum of 16.16 % and the thermal conductivity of the nanocomposites by a maximum of 16.99%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/480905
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