Fossil fuels are the most widely used resource for energy production. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are correlated with climate change, and therefore these emissions must be reduced in the future. It is possible by means of many different technologies, and one of the most promising seems to be oxyfuel combustion. This process, with oxygen and recirculating gas, produces a concentrated stream of CO2 and water. In recent years, many scientists carried out research and studies on the oxyfuel process, but a sufficient level of knowledge was not yet reached to exploit the great potential of this new technology. Although such areas of research are still highly active, this work provides an overview and summary of the research undertaken, the state of development of the technology, and a comparison of different plants so far.
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