The cytochrome bc1 complex is an essential component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is composed of ten protein subunits, three of them playing an important role in electron transfer and proton pumping across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Cytochrome b, the central component of this respiratory complex, is encoded by the mitochondrial genome, whereas all the other subunits are of nuclear origin. The assembly of all these subunits into the mature and functional cytochrome bc1 complex is therefore a complicated process which requires the participation of several chaperone proteins. It has been found that the assembly process of the mitochondrial bc1 complex proceeds through the formation of distinct sub-complexes in an ordered sequence. Most of these sub-complexes have been thoroughly characterized, and their molecular compositions have also been defined. This study critically analyses the results obtained so far and highlights new possible areas of investigation.

Assembly of the Multi-Subunit Cytochrome bc1 Complex in the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Zara Vincenzo
Primo
;
Gabriella De Blasi;Ferramosca Alessandra
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The cytochrome bc1 complex is an essential component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is composed of ten protein subunits, three of them playing an important role in electron transfer and proton pumping across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Cytochrome b, the central component of this respiratory complex, is encoded by the mitochondrial genome, whereas all the other subunits are of nuclear origin. The assembly of all these subunits into the mature and functional cytochrome bc1 complex is therefore a complicated process which requires the participation of several chaperone proteins. It has been found that the assembly process of the mitochondrial bc1 complex proceeds through the formation of distinct sub-complexes in an ordered sequence. Most of these sub-complexes have been thoroughly characterized, and their molecular compositions have also been defined. This study critically analyses the results obtained so far and highlights new possible areas of investigation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/474064
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