Peptide Microarray Immunoassay (PMI for brevity) is a novel technology that enables researchers to map a large number of proteomic measurements at a peptide level, providing information regarding the relationship between antibody response and clinical sensitivity. PMI studies aim at recognizing antigen-specific antibodies from serum samples and at detecting epitope regions of the protein antigen. PMI data present new challenges for statistical analysis mainly due to the structural dependence among peptides. A PMI is made of a complete library of consecutive peptides. They are synthesized by systematically shifting a window of a fixed number of amino acids through the finite sequence of amino acids of the antigen protein as ordered in the primary structure of the protein. This implies that consecutive peptides have a certain number of amino acids in common and hence are structurally dependent. We propose a new flexible Bayesian hierarchical model framework, which allows one to detect recognized peptides and bound epitope regions in a single framework, taking into account the structural dependence between peptides through a suitable latent Markov structure. The proposed model is illustrated using PMI data from a recent study about egg allergy. A simulation study shows that the proposed model is more powerful and robust in terms of epitope detection than simpler models overlooking some of the dependence structure. The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.2011 © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

A Bayesian hierarchical model for identifying epitopes in peptide microarray data

ARIMA, SERENA;
2012

Abstract

Peptide Microarray Immunoassay (PMI for brevity) is a novel technology that enables researchers to map a large number of proteomic measurements at a peptide level, providing information regarding the relationship between antibody response and clinical sensitivity. PMI studies aim at recognizing antigen-specific antibodies from serum samples and at detecting epitope regions of the protein antigen. PMI data present new challenges for statistical analysis mainly due to the structural dependence among peptides. A PMI is made of a complete library of consecutive peptides. They are synthesized by systematically shifting a window of a fixed number of amino acids through the finite sequence of amino acids of the antigen protein as ordered in the primary structure of the protein. This implies that consecutive peptides have a certain number of amino acids in common and hence are structurally dependent. We propose a new flexible Bayesian hierarchical model framework, which allows one to detect recognized peptides and bound epitope regions in a single framework, taking into account the structural dependence between peptides through a suitable latent Markov structure. The proposed model is illustrated using PMI data from a recent study about egg allergy. A simulation study shows that the proposed model is more powerful and robust in terms of epitope detection than simpler models overlooking some of the dependence structure. The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.2011 © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/472139
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