Due to the widespread use of sandwich structures in many industries and the importance of understanding their mechanical behavior, this paper studies the thermomechanical buckling behavior of sandwich beams with a functionally graded material (FGM) middle layer and two composite external layers. Both composite skins are made of Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) reinforced by carbon-nano-tubes (CNTs). The properties of the FGM core are predicted through an exponential-law and power-law theory (E&P), whereas an Eshelby-Mori-Tanaka (EMT) formulation is applied to capture the mechanical properties of the external layers. Moreover, different high-order displacement fields are combined with a virtual displacement approach to derive the governing equations of the problem, here solved analytically based on a Navier-type approximation. A parametric study is performed to check for the impact of different core materials and CNT concentrations inside the PMMA on the overall response of beams resting on a Pasternak substrate and subjected to a hygrothermal loading. This means that the sensitivity analysis accounts for different displacement fields, hygrothermal environments, and FGM theories, as a novel aspect of the present work. Our results could be replicated in a computational sense, and could be useful for design purposes in aerospace industries to increase the tolerance of target productions, such as aircraft bodies.

Thermomechanical Buckling Analysis of the E&P-FGM Beams Integrated by Nanocomposite Supports Immersed in a Hygrothermal Environment

Dimitri, Rossana;Tornabene, Francesco
2021

Abstract

Due to the widespread use of sandwich structures in many industries and the importance of understanding their mechanical behavior, this paper studies the thermomechanical buckling behavior of sandwich beams with a functionally graded material (FGM) middle layer and two composite external layers. Both composite skins are made of Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) reinforced by carbon-nano-tubes (CNTs). The properties of the FGM core are predicted through an exponential-law and power-law theory (E&P), whereas an Eshelby-Mori-Tanaka (EMT) formulation is applied to capture the mechanical properties of the external layers. Moreover, different high-order displacement fields are combined with a virtual displacement approach to derive the governing equations of the problem, here solved analytically based on a Navier-type approximation. A parametric study is performed to check for the impact of different core materials and CNT concentrations inside the PMMA on the overall response of beams resting on a Pasternak substrate and subjected to a hygrothermal loading. This means that the sensitivity analysis accounts for different displacement fields, hygrothermal environments, and FGM theories, as a novel aspect of the present work. Our results could be replicated in a computational sense, and could be useful for design purposes in aerospace industries to increase the tolerance of target productions, such as aircraft bodies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/469625
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