In this paper we study a property of time-dependent graphs, dubbed “path ranking invariance”. Broadly speaking, a time-dependent graph is “path ranking invariant” if the ordering of its paths (w.r.t. travel time) is independent of the start time. In this paper we show that, if a graph is path ranking invariant, the solution of a large class of time-dependent vehicle routing problems can be obtained by solving suitably defined (and simpler) time-independent routing problems. We also show how this property can be checked by solving a linear program. If the check fails, the solution of the linear program can be used to determine a tight lower bound. In order to assess the value of these insights, the lower bounds have been embedded into an enumerative scheme. Computational results on the time-dependent versions of the Travelling Salesman Problem and the Rural Postman Problem show that the new findings enable to outperform state-of-the-art algorithms.

On path ranking in time-dependent graphs

Adamo T.;Ghiani G.;Guerriero E.
2021

Abstract

In this paper we study a property of time-dependent graphs, dubbed “path ranking invariance”. Broadly speaking, a time-dependent graph is “path ranking invariant” if the ordering of its paths (w.r.t. travel time) is independent of the start time. In this paper we show that, if a graph is path ranking invariant, the solution of a large class of time-dependent vehicle routing problems can be obtained by solving suitably defined (and simpler) time-independent routing problems. We also show how this property can be checked by solving a linear program. If the check fails, the solution of the linear program can be used to determine a tight lower bound. In order to assess the value of these insights, the lower bounds have been embedded into an enumerative scheme. Computational results on the time-dependent versions of the Travelling Salesman Problem and the Rural Postman Problem show that the new findings enable to outperform state-of-the-art algorithms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/468331
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