The design of powerful in vitro cell culture platforms to support precision medicine can contribute to predict therapeutic success of cancer patients. Electrospun nanofibers applied to cell culture can mimic extracellular matrix and improve in vitro cell behavior. Here, we describe biocompatible blended polyvinyl-alcohol (PVA)/gum arabic (GA) extracellular matrix (ECM)-like nanofibers for in vitro cell cultures capable of delivering nanocomposite for desired biomedical application. Therefore, PVA/GA ECM-like electrospun nanofibers were developed and characterized. Heat treatment was used to crosslink the nanofibers and biocompatibility was evaluated, which demonstrated the ability of developed platform to provide a cell culture-friendly environment. Previous work demonstrated that GA-gold nanoparticles (GA-AuNPs) in non-cytotoxic concentrations can reduce key metastatic cellular events such as invasion and colony formation of metastatic melanoma cells. Thus, crosslinked nanofibers were functionalized with GA-AuNPs and its cellular delivery was evaluated. GA-AuNPs were efficiently adsorbed onto the PVA/GA nanofibers surface and the system effectively delivered the nanocomposites to metastatic melanoma cells. In conclusion, the described biocompatible system could be prospected as a valuable in vitro tool for precision medicine.

Electrospun polyvinyl-alcohol/gum arabic nanofibers: Biomimetic platform for in vitro cell growth and cancer nanomedicine delivery

Serio, Francesca;D'Amone, Eliana;Gigli, Giuseppe;Del Mercato, Loretta Laureana;
2021

Abstract

The design of powerful in vitro cell culture platforms to support precision medicine can contribute to predict therapeutic success of cancer patients. Electrospun nanofibers applied to cell culture can mimic extracellular matrix and improve in vitro cell behavior. Here, we describe biocompatible blended polyvinyl-alcohol (PVA)/gum arabic (GA) extracellular matrix (ECM)-like nanofibers for in vitro cell cultures capable of delivering nanocomposite for desired biomedical application. Therefore, PVA/GA ECM-like electrospun nanofibers were developed and characterized. Heat treatment was used to crosslink the nanofibers and biocompatibility was evaluated, which demonstrated the ability of developed platform to provide a cell culture-friendly environment. Previous work demonstrated that GA-gold nanoparticles (GA-AuNPs) in non-cytotoxic concentrations can reduce key metastatic cellular events such as invasion and colony formation of metastatic melanoma cells. Thus, crosslinked nanofibers were functionalized with GA-AuNPs and its cellular delivery was evaluated. GA-AuNPs were efficiently adsorbed onto the PVA/GA nanofibers surface and the system effectively delivered the nanocomposites to metastatic melanoma cells. In conclusion, the described biocompatible system could be prospected as a valuable in vitro tool for precision medicine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/467855
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