The study aimed to evaluate the micronucleus (MN) frequency in exfoliated buccal cells (EBCs) of 256 6-8-years-old schoolchildren living in a rural area of Salento peninsula (Southern Italy) with low anthropogenic pressure and with a normal rate of chronic diseases in order to determine the basal level of MN and identify which factors are able to influence it. Information about the personal data, lifestyles and dietary habits of the children were obtained by the administration of a questionnaire to their parents. The buccal micronucleus cytome assay was performed to evaluate the presence of early genotoxic effects among the children. In addition, the level of environmental exposure was assessed by sampling atmospheric particulate fractions near the schools attended by participants. The association between MN frequency and individual or environmental factors was also assessed. The children had a mean MN frequency of 0.27 ± 0.43‰ (95%CI = 0.22−0.33). This frequency was positively associated with vehicular traffic (OR = 2.99; 95%CI = 1.15−7.74) and negatively associated with a high educational level of the mother (OR = 0.41; 95%CI = 0.18−0.95) and physical exercise (OR = 0.56; 95%CI = 0.32−0.57). Data on genotoxic effects in buccal cells found in this study could be considered as the MN level in a pediatric population not exposed to environmental pollution.

Buccal micronucleus cytome assay in children living in an area with low anthropogenic pressure: The EFFE.BI.P. study

Bagordo F.;Panico A.
;
Zizza A.;Serio F.;Idolo A.;Tumolo M. R.;Guido M.;Gambino I.;Grassi T.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the micronucleus (MN) frequency in exfoliated buccal cells (EBCs) of 256 6-8-years-old schoolchildren living in a rural area of Salento peninsula (Southern Italy) with low anthropogenic pressure and with a normal rate of chronic diseases in order to determine the basal level of MN and identify which factors are able to influence it. Information about the personal data, lifestyles and dietary habits of the children were obtained by the administration of a questionnaire to their parents. The buccal micronucleus cytome assay was performed to evaluate the presence of early genotoxic effects among the children. In addition, the level of environmental exposure was assessed by sampling atmospheric particulate fractions near the schools attended by participants. The association between MN frequency and individual or environmental factors was also assessed. The children had a mean MN frequency of 0.27 ± 0.43‰ (95%CI = 0.22−0.33). This frequency was positively associated with vehicular traffic (OR = 2.99; 95%CI = 1.15−7.74) and negatively associated with a high educational level of the mother (OR = 0.41; 95%CI = 0.18−0.95) and physical exercise (OR = 0.56; 95%CI = 0.32−0.57). Data on genotoxic effects in buccal cells found in this study could be considered as the MN level in a pediatric population not exposed to environmental pollution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/463116
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