AbstractThis paper proposes an optimized energy management strategy (EMS) for hybrid electric fuel cell/battery-based drones focusing on fuel economy while extending sources lifespans in persistent missions. An off-the-shelf drone fed by a 650W fuel cell is selected as a case study, where the power splitting is conventionally managed by a simple rule-based method. Then, a multi-objective genetic algorithm is used to optimize the proposed EMS parameters considering three scenarios regarding battery state of charge, namely charge sustaining, depleting, and increasing. Therefore, advantages of rule-based strategy and genetic algorithm are combined in an online EMS to fit on drone applications. Extensive simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach allows power sources to operate within their rated area, prolonging their service life, and leading to 5.1% of fuel consumption reduction. Thus, the autonomy will be increased depending on the carried hydrogen quantity, and the world record can be extended by about 37min. It may also lead to benefit in the operating cost achieving 1450C during one fuel cell stack lifecycle. In fleet tasks, the benefit can be further multiplied.

Optimized Energy Management Strategy for Hybrid Fuel Cell Powered Drones in Persistent Missions using Real Flight Test Data

Teresa Donateo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

AbstractThis paper proposes an optimized energy management strategy (EMS) for hybrid electric fuel cell/battery-based drones focusing on fuel economy while extending sources lifespans in persistent missions. An off-the-shelf drone fed by a 650W fuel cell is selected as a case study, where the power splitting is conventionally managed by a simple rule-based method. Then, a multi-objective genetic algorithm is used to optimize the proposed EMS parameters considering three scenarios regarding battery state of charge, namely charge sustaining, depleting, and increasing. Therefore, advantages of rule-based strategy and genetic algorithm are combined in an online EMS to fit on drone applications. Extensive simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach allows power sources to operate within their rated area, prolonging their service life, and leading to 5.1% of fuel consumption reduction. Thus, the autonomy will be increased depending on the carried hydrogen quantity, and the world record can be extended by about 37min. It may also lead to benefit in the operating cost achieving 1450C during one fuel cell stack lifecycle. In fleet tasks, the benefit can be further multiplied.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/462955
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