Chitosan (Cs) mats obtained by electrospinning are potentially ideal scaffolds for tissue engineering. This technique allows obtaining nanometric fibrous structures with preferred orientation, which in turn enable cells to align themselves and produce extracellular matrix along desired orientations. In this study, we fabricated aligned Cs electrospun nanofiber mats and investigated the role of the amino acid L-Arginine (L-Arg) as stabilizing agent. Morphological, chemical, mechanical and biological characterizations were performed on untreated and L-Arg treated nanofibrous mats showing the role of L-Arg as biomimetic stabilizer. L-Arg acts as chemical stabilizer of nanofibrous mats, providing improved wettability behavior, mechanical properties and stability even after 60 days in aqueous medium in comparison to untreated mats. Moreover, preliminary biological tests demonstrated favorable cell-material interactions implying physiological responses in terms of viability and proliferation. The proposed L-Arg-treated Cs mats can be considered as potential scaffolds for highly oriented tissue patterning.
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