The use of molecular tools (DNA barcoding and metabarcoding) for the identification of species and ecosystem biomonitoring is a promising innovative approach. The effectiveness of these tools is, however, highly dependent on the reliability and coverage of the DNA sequence reference libraries and it also depends on the identification of primer sets that work on the broadest range of taxa. In this study, a gap analysis of available DNA barcodes in the international libraries was conducted using the aquatic macroinvertebrate species checklist of the Apulia region in the southeast of Italy. Our analyses show that 42% of the 1546 examined species do not have representative DNA barcodes in the reference libraries, indicating the importance of working toward their completeness and addressing this effort toward specific taxonomic groups. We also analyzed the DNA barcode reference libraries for the primer set used to barcode species. Only for 52% of the examined barcoded species were the primers reported, indicating the importance of uploading this information in the databases for a more effective DNA barcode implementation effort and extensive use of the metabarcoding method. In this paper, a new combination of primers has revealed its experimental effectiveness at least on the species belonging to the three most represented taxa in the aquatic ecosystems of the Apulia region, highlighting the opportunity to develop combinations of primers useful at the regional level and the importance of studying DNA barcode gaps at the local/regional level. The DNA barcode coverage also varies among different taxonomic groups and aquatic ecosystem types in which a large number of species are rare. We tested the application of the DNA barcoding single species to a lagoon ecosystem (the lagoon named "Acquatina di Frigole" in the Apulia region) and we sampled two macroinvertebrate species lacking DNA barcodes from "Aquatina di Frigole" NATURA 2000 Site IT9150003, Fabulina fabula and Tritia nitida, generated two new CO1 barcodes and added them to a DNA barcode reference library.

Gap analysis for DNA barcode reference libraries for aquatic macroinvertebrate species in the apulia region (Southeast of Italy)

Specchia V.;Tzafesta E.;Marini G.;D'Attis S.;Pinna M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The use of molecular tools (DNA barcoding and metabarcoding) for the identification of species and ecosystem biomonitoring is a promising innovative approach. The effectiveness of these tools is, however, highly dependent on the reliability and coverage of the DNA sequence reference libraries and it also depends on the identification of primer sets that work on the broadest range of taxa. In this study, a gap analysis of available DNA barcodes in the international libraries was conducted using the aquatic macroinvertebrate species checklist of the Apulia region in the southeast of Italy. Our analyses show that 42% of the 1546 examined species do not have representative DNA barcodes in the reference libraries, indicating the importance of working toward their completeness and addressing this effort toward specific taxonomic groups. We also analyzed the DNA barcode reference libraries for the primer set used to barcode species. Only for 52% of the examined barcoded species were the primers reported, indicating the importance of uploading this information in the databases for a more effective DNA barcode implementation effort and extensive use of the metabarcoding method. In this paper, a new combination of primers has revealed its experimental effectiveness at least on the species belonging to the three most represented taxa in the aquatic ecosystems of the Apulia region, highlighting the opportunity to develop combinations of primers useful at the regional level and the importance of studying DNA barcode gaps at the local/regional level. The DNA barcode coverage also varies among different taxonomic groups and aquatic ecosystem types in which a large number of species are rare. We tested the application of the DNA barcoding single species to a lagoon ecosystem (the lagoon named "Acquatina di Frigole" in the Apulia region) and we sampled two macroinvertebrate species lacking DNA barcodes from "Aquatina di Frigole" NATURA 2000 Site IT9150003, Fabulina fabula and Tritia nitida, generated two new CO1 barcodes and added them to a DNA barcode reference library.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/441167
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