: It is known that exposure to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) has detrimental effects on health. However, specific mechanisms of toxicity are still not fully understood depending on several physical and chemical properties of PM. In recent years, there has been a growing evidence that oxidative stress is an important mechanism of PM toxicity leading to the hypothesis to use acellular evaluation of oxidative potential (OP) as a global indicator of potential health effects of PM. However, when OP data are correlated with the outcomes of in vitro (or in vivo) toxicological tests, there are contrasting results. In this work an analysis of PM10 health effect indicators was done, using the acellular DTT assay to retrieve OPDTT, the Microtox® test on Vibrio fischeri bacterium to assess the ecotoxicological potential, and the in vitro MTT assay on the human cell line A549 to estimate the cytotoxicological potential. The objective was to evaluate the correlation among acellular OPDTT and the results from toxicological and ecotoxicological bioassays and how these health-related indicators are correlated with atmospheric PM10 concentrations collected at an urban background site in Southern Italy. Results indicated that both bioassays showed time-dependent and dose-dependent outcomes. Some samples presented significant ecotoxic and cytotoxic response and the correlation with PM10 concentration was limited, suggesting that these health endpoints depend on PM10 chemical composition and not only on exposure concentrations. OPDTT showed a statistically significant correlation with PM10 concentrations. MTT and Microtox outcomes were not correlated suggesting that the two toxicological indicators are sensitive to different physical-chemical properties of PM10. Intrinsic oxidative potential OPDTTM (DTT activity normalised with PM10 mass) was correlated with mortality observed with MTT test (normalized with PM10 mass), however, it was not correlated with Microtox outcomes

Correlation of Oxidative Potential with Ecotoxicological and Cytotoxicological Potential of PM10 at an Urban Background Site in Italy

Lionetto, Maria Giulia
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Guascito, Maria Rachele
Conceptualization
;
Caricato, Roberto
Investigation
;
Giordano, Maria Elena
Investigation
;
De Bartolomeo, Anna Rita
Investigation
;
Romano, Maria Pia
Investigation
;
Dinoi, Adelaide;
2019

Abstract

: It is known that exposure to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) has detrimental effects on health. However, specific mechanisms of toxicity are still not fully understood depending on several physical and chemical properties of PM. In recent years, there has been a growing evidence that oxidative stress is an important mechanism of PM toxicity leading to the hypothesis to use acellular evaluation of oxidative potential (OP) as a global indicator of potential health effects of PM. However, when OP data are correlated with the outcomes of in vitro (or in vivo) toxicological tests, there are contrasting results. In this work an analysis of PM10 health effect indicators was done, using the acellular DTT assay to retrieve OPDTT, the Microtox® test on Vibrio fischeri bacterium to assess the ecotoxicological potential, and the in vitro MTT assay on the human cell line A549 to estimate the cytotoxicological potential. The objective was to evaluate the correlation among acellular OPDTT and the results from toxicological and ecotoxicological bioassays and how these health-related indicators are correlated with atmospheric PM10 concentrations collected at an urban background site in Southern Italy. Results indicated that both bioassays showed time-dependent and dose-dependent outcomes. Some samples presented significant ecotoxic and cytotoxic response and the correlation with PM10 concentration was limited, suggesting that these health endpoints depend on PM10 chemical composition and not only on exposure concentrations. OPDTT showed a statistically significant correlation with PM10 concentrations. MTT and Microtox outcomes were not correlated suggesting that the two toxicological indicators are sensitive to different physical-chemical properties of PM10. Intrinsic oxidative potential OPDTTM (DTT activity normalised with PM10 mass) was correlated with mortality observed with MTT test (normalized with PM10 mass), however, it was not correlated with Microtox outcomes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/437732
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