From the beginning social anthropology has elaborated sophisticated theories concerning the so-called warfare and violence. Social anthropologists have acknowledged that aggressiveness is socially transformed in acts of violence which are culturally determined and that conflicts must be subjected to ethical norms, to specific techniques and to the law. Anthropologists have therefore freed human conflict from the hypothesis formulated by bio-genetic determinism and by generic visions about a presumed and ineradicable aggressiveness, inherent in the human species, as if aggressiveness had not historically taken the shape of society. This paper examines the main actors of violence and conflicts and their acting on the world’s stages, it also focuses on the relation between violence, terror and pain. The primary ground of violence is the body and the alpha and omega of violence come into being in human corporeity. The experience of violence, the only experience shared by all human beings, the only experience that unites men when it is directed toward the Other is the institutionalisation of the Other through its manipulation and “branding”, i.e. its denial/negation. Violence is therefore the acknowledgment of human corporeity but also of the corporeity of “things”. Violence establishes corporeity and it does not exist without corporeity which is actually acknowledged in the moment of its transformation through violence.
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