With the advent of optogenetic techniques, a major need for precise and versatile light-delivery techniques has arisen from the neuroscience community. Driven by this demand, research on innovative illuminating devices has opened previously inaccessible experimental paths. However, tailoring light delivery to functionally and anatomically diverse brain structures still remains a challenging task. We progressed in this endeavor by micro-structuring metal-coated tapered optical fibers and exploiting the resulting mode-division multiplexing/de-multiplexing properties. To do this, a non-conventional Focused Ion Beam (FIB) milling method was developed in order to pattern the non-planar surface of the taper around the full 360° by equipping the FIB chamber with a micromanipulation system. This led us to develop three novel typologies of micro-structured illuminating tools: (a) a tapered fiber that emits light from a narrow slot of adjustable length; (b) a tapered fiber that emits light from four independently addressable optical windows; (c) a tapered fiber that emits light from an annular aperture with 360° symmetry. The result is a versatile technology enabling reconfigurable light-delivery that can be tailored to specific experimental needs. © 2018 The Authors

Focused ion beam nanomachining of tapered optical fibers for patterned light delivery

F. Pisano;M. Pisanello;L. Sileo;A. Qualtieri;M. De Vittorio;
2018

Abstract

With the advent of optogenetic techniques, a major need for precise and versatile light-delivery techniques has arisen from the neuroscience community. Driven by this demand, research on innovative illuminating devices has opened previously inaccessible experimental paths. However, tailoring light delivery to functionally and anatomically diverse brain structures still remains a challenging task. We progressed in this endeavor by micro-structuring metal-coated tapered optical fibers and exploiting the resulting mode-division multiplexing/de-multiplexing properties. To do this, a non-conventional Focused Ion Beam (FIB) milling method was developed in order to pattern the non-planar surface of the taper around the full 360° by equipping the FIB chamber with a micromanipulation system. This led us to develop three novel typologies of micro-structured illuminating tools: (a) a tapered fiber that emits light from a narrow slot of adjustable length; (b) a tapered fiber that emits light from four independently addressable optical windows; (c) a tapered fiber that emits light from an annular aperture with 360° symmetry. The result is a versatile technology enabling reconfigurable light-delivery that can be tailored to specific experimental needs. © 2018 The Authors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/435040
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