Vascular grafts are artificial conduits properly designed to substitute a diseased blood vessel. However prosthetic fail can occur without premonitory symptoms. Continuous monitoring of the system can provide useful information not only to extend the graft’s life but also to optimize the patient’s therapy. In this respect, various techniques have been used, but all of them affect the mechanical properties of the artificial vessel. To overcome these drawbacks, an ultrathin and flexible smart patch based on piezoelectric Aluminum Nitride (AlN) integrated on the extraluminal surface of the prosthesis is presented. The sensor can be conformally wrapped around the external surface of the prosthesis. Its design, mechanical properties and dimensions are properly characterized and optimized in order to maximize performances and to avoid any interference with the graft structure during its activity. The sensorized graft is tested in vitro using a pulsatile recirculating flow system that mimics the physiological and pathological blood flow conditions. In this way, the ability of the device to measure real-time variations of the hemodynamics parameters has been tested. The obtained high sensitivity of 0.012 V Pa−1 m−2, joint to the inherent biocompatibility and non-toxicity of the used materials, demonstrates that the device can successfully monitor the prosthesis functioning under different conditions, opening new perspectives for real-time vascular graft surveillance. © 2019, The Author(s).

Soft and flexible piezoelectric smart patch for vascular graft monitoring based on Aluminum Nitride thin film

L. Natta;L. Algieri;S. Puce;F. Pisano;A. Qualtieri;M. De Vittorio
2019

Abstract

Vascular grafts are artificial conduits properly designed to substitute a diseased blood vessel. However prosthetic fail can occur without premonitory symptoms. Continuous monitoring of the system can provide useful information not only to extend the graft’s life but also to optimize the patient’s therapy. In this respect, various techniques have been used, but all of them affect the mechanical properties of the artificial vessel. To overcome these drawbacks, an ultrathin and flexible smart patch based on piezoelectric Aluminum Nitride (AlN) integrated on the extraluminal surface of the prosthesis is presented. The sensor can be conformally wrapped around the external surface of the prosthesis. Its design, mechanical properties and dimensions are properly characterized and optimized in order to maximize performances and to avoid any interference with the graft structure during its activity. The sensorized graft is tested in vitro using a pulsatile recirculating flow system that mimics the physiological and pathological blood flow conditions. In this way, the ability of the device to measure real-time variations of the hemodynamics parameters has been tested. The obtained high sensitivity of 0.012 V Pa−1 m−2, joint to the inherent biocompatibility and non-toxicity of the used materials, demonstrates that the device can successfully monitor the prosthesis functioning under different conditions, opening new perspectives for real-time vascular graft surveillance. © 2019, The Author(s).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/434949
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