The symmetry algebra of the real elliptic Liouville equation is an infinite-dimensional loop algebra with the simple Lie algebra o(3, 1) as its maximal finite-dimensional subalgebra. The entire algebra generates the conformal group of the Euclidean plane E2. This infinite-dimensional algebra distinguishes the elliptic Liouville equation from the hyperbolic one with its symmetry algebra that is the direct sum of two Virasoro algebras. Following a previously developed discretization procedure, we present a difference scheme that is invariant under the group O(3, 1) and has the elliptic Liouville equation in polar coordinates as its continuous limit. The lattice is a solution of an equation invariant under O(3, 1) and is itself invariant under a subgroup of O(3, 1), namely, the O(2) rotations of the Euclidean plane.

### Conformally Invariant Elliptic Liouville Equation and Its Symmetry-Preserving Discretization

#### Abstract

The symmetry algebra of the real elliptic Liouville equation is an infinite-dimensional loop algebra with the simple Lie algebra o(3, 1) as its maximal finite-dimensional subalgebra. The entire algebra generates the conformal group of the Euclidean plane E2. This infinite-dimensional algebra distinguishes the elliptic Liouville equation from the hyperbolic one with its symmetry algebra that is the direct sum of two Virasoro algebras. Following a previously developed discretization procedure, we present a difference scheme that is invariant under the group O(3, 1) and has the elliptic Liouville equation in polar coordinates as its continuous limit. The lattice is a solution of an equation invariant under O(3, 1) and is itself invariant under a subgroup of O(3, 1), namely, the O(2) rotations of the Euclidean plane.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `http://hdl.handle.net/11587/430856`
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