Aquaporins are water channel proteins that regulate plant development, growth, and response to environmental stresses. Populus trichocarpa is one of the plants with the highest number of aquaporins in its genome, but only few of them have been characterized at the whole plant functional level. Here we analyzed a putative aquaporin gene, aqua1, a gene that encodes for a protein of 257 amino acid with the typical NPA (Asp-Pro-Ala) signature motif of the aquaporin gene family. aqua1 was down-regulated of ∼10 fold under excess Zn in both leaves and roots, and conferred Zn tolerance when expressed in yeast Zn hypersensitive strain. In vivo localization of AQUA1-GFP in Arabidopsis protoplast showed a heterogeneous distribution of this protein on different membranes destined to form aggregates related to autophagic multivesicular bodies. Zn-dependent AQUA1-GFP re-localization was perturbed by phosphatases' and kinases' inhibitors that could affect both intracellular trafficking and aquaporins' activity. Exposed to high concentration of Zn, AQUA1 also co-localized with AtTIP1;1, a well-known Arabidopsis vacuolar marker, probably in pro-vacuolar multivesicular bodies. These findings suggest that high concentration of Zn down-regulates aqua1 and causes its re-localization in new forming pro-vacuoles. This Zn-dependent re-localization appears to be mediated by mechanisms regulating intracellular trafficking and aquaporins' post-translational modifications. This functional characterization of a poplar aquaporin in response to excess Zn will be a useful reference for understanding aquaporins' roles and regulation in response to high concentration of Zn in poplar.

AQUA1 is a mercury sensitive poplar aquaporin regulated at transcriptional and post-translational levels by Zn stress.

Fabrizio Barozzi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Gian Pietro di Sansebastiano
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2019

Abstract

Aquaporins are water channel proteins that regulate plant development, growth, and response to environmental stresses. Populus trichocarpa is one of the plants with the highest number of aquaporins in its genome, but only few of them have been characterized at the whole plant functional level. Here we analyzed a putative aquaporin gene, aqua1, a gene that encodes for a protein of 257 amino acid with the typical NPA (Asp-Pro-Ala) signature motif of the aquaporin gene family. aqua1 was down-regulated of ∼10 fold under excess Zn in both leaves and roots, and conferred Zn tolerance when expressed in yeast Zn hypersensitive strain. In vivo localization of AQUA1-GFP in Arabidopsis protoplast showed a heterogeneous distribution of this protein on different membranes destined to form aggregates related to autophagic multivesicular bodies. Zn-dependent AQUA1-GFP re-localization was perturbed by phosphatases' and kinases' inhibitors that could affect both intracellular trafficking and aquaporins' activity. Exposed to high concentration of Zn, AQUA1 also co-localized with AtTIP1;1, a well-known Arabidopsis vacuolar marker, probably in pro-vacuolar multivesicular bodies. These findings suggest that high concentration of Zn down-regulates aqua1 and causes its re-localization in new forming pro-vacuoles. This Zn-dependent re-localization appears to be mediated by mechanisms regulating intracellular trafficking and aquaporins' post-translational modifications. This functional characterization of a poplar aquaporin in response to excess Zn will be a useful reference for understanding aquaporins' roles and regulation in response to high concentration of Zn in poplar.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/427057
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact