Nematic films are thin fluid structures, ideally two dimensional, endowed with an in-plane degenerate nematic order. In this paper we examine a generalization of the classical Plateau problem to an axisymmetric nematic film bounded by two coaxial parallel rings. At equilibrium, the shape of the nematic film results from the competition between surface tension, which favors the minimization of the area, and the nematic elasticity, which instead promotes the alignment of the molecules along a common direction. We find two classes of equilibrium solutions in which the molecules are uniformly aligned along the meridians or parallels. Depending on two dimensionless parameters, one related to the geometry of the film and the other to the constitutive moduli, the Gaussian curvature of the equilibrium shape may be everywhere negative, vanishing, or positive. The stability of these equilibrium configurations is investigated.

Influence of the extrinsic curvature on two-dimensional nematic films

Napoli, Gaetano
;
2018

Abstract

Nematic films are thin fluid structures, ideally two dimensional, endowed with an in-plane degenerate nematic order. In this paper we examine a generalization of the classical Plateau problem to an axisymmetric nematic film bounded by two coaxial parallel rings. At equilibrium, the shape of the nematic film results from the competition between surface tension, which favors the minimization of the area, and the nematic elasticity, which instead promotes the alignment of the molecules along a common direction. We find two classes of equilibrium solutions in which the molecules are uniformly aligned along the meridians or parallels. Depending on two dimensionless parameters, one related to the geometry of the film and the other to the constitutive moduli, the Gaussian curvature of the equilibrium shape may be everywhere negative, vanishing, or positive. The stability of these equilibrium configurations is investigated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/427026
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