The paper focuses on some case studies in order to have a first general picture of textile production in southern Italy through the analysis of textile instruments and fragment of textiles from some 8th-2nd century BC archaeological contexts. They are Incoronata necropoleis, a late-Archaic house of Kaulonia, the necropolis of Ripacandida, the square building in the Sanctuary of Hera near the mouth of the river Sele of Poseidonia-Paestum and a burial of the same town, some tombs from the Messapian contexts of Muro Leccese and Vaste, Taranto, several houses of eraclea and some 3rd-2nd century BC farms of the chorai of eraclea and Metaponto. All the istruments have been systematically analysed and the methods of investigation based on the research conducted at the Centre for Textile Research in Copenhagen have been applied to study these implements. Results about loom weights are particularly interesting because can be compared with the fragments.
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