Archaeological excavations held in 2016 and 2017 have brought to light a circular stone building in the territory of Giuggianello – inland of Otranto. Because of the analysis of construction technique, stratigraphy and pottery sherds we can recognize a tower dating back to the 4th-3rd century B.C. built over a mound (“specchia”) of the middle Bronze Age. Per-haps, during both the phases, the tower function was to guarantee the visional control of the territory, also for a better management of its resources (agricultural, pastoral and forest): we can imagine that similar buildings could be functional to line of sight communication. The study of the Hellenistic tower also refers to the settlement pattern of the Salento and some similarities can be recognized with other buildings in the territory of Giuggianello but, moreover, in northern Messapia (are-as of Ceglie Messapica, Oria and Manduria).
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