The selection of high-affinity aptamers is of paramount interest for clinical and technological applications. A novel strategy is proposed to validate the reliability of the 3D structures of a group of anti- Angiopoietin-2 aptamers, produced in silico by using free software. In a previous literature these aptamers were processed both in vitro and in silico, by using an approach different from that here presented, and finally tested with a SPS experiment. Computational expectations and experimental outcomes did not agree. The procedure here proposed consists of three steps: a. the production of a large set of conformations for each candidate aptamer; b. the rigid docking upon the receptor; c. the topological and electrical characterization of the products. Steps a. and b. allow a global binding score of the ligand-receptor complexes based on the distribution of the "effective affinity", i.e. the sum of the conformational and the docking energies. Step c. employs a complex network approach (Proteotronics) to characterize the electrical properties of the aptamers and the ligand-receptor complexes. Finally, the results are discussed and compared with the literature on the same aptamers. The computational predictions are in good agreement with the known experimental measurements.

A validation strategy for in silico generated aptamers

alfinito, e
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
cataldo,r
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2018

Abstract

The selection of high-affinity aptamers is of paramount interest for clinical and technological applications. A novel strategy is proposed to validate the reliability of the 3D structures of a group of anti- Angiopoietin-2 aptamers, produced in silico by using free software. In a previous literature these aptamers were processed both in vitro and in silico, by using an approach different from that here presented, and finally tested with a SPS experiment. Computational expectations and experimental outcomes did not agree. The procedure here proposed consists of three steps: a. the production of a large set of conformations for each candidate aptamer; b. the rigid docking upon the receptor; c. the topological and electrical characterization of the products. Steps a. and b. allow a global binding score of the ligand-receptor complexes based on the distribution of the "effective affinity", i.e. the sum of the conformational and the docking energies. Step c. employs a complex network approach (Proteotronics) to characterize the electrical properties of the aptamers and the ligand-receptor complexes. Finally, the results are discussed and compared with the literature on the same aptamers. The computational predictions are in good agreement with the known experimental measurements.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/425822
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