During the radiation therapy (RT) process, the treatment is planned and simulated with a treatment planning system (TPS). Contouring identifies the Planning Treatment Volume (PTV), that is the physical RT treatment volume. PTV of Glioblastoma (GB) includes, after expansion, Gross Tumor Volume (GTV, the tumor) and Clinical Target Volume (CTV, tumor plus edema). GlioCAD, a Computer-Assisted Detection software for contouring gliomas in MRI/DTI, was used to delineate GTV. The dataset included the images of 21 patients undergoing RT for GB. For each patient, we co-registered CT-planning images and diagnostic MRI (16 T1-gad, 6 T2 Flair, 13 Flair Fat Sat), which were used for GlioCAD training and validation. CAD outlined the tumor with good accuracy, after ruling out in post-processing some false positives. We identified reliable GTVs, suitable for RT requirements. An evolution of GlioCAD will take into account edema for outlining CTV. The method is promising. Together with a further automatic system for the delineation of organs at risk (OAR) in the brain, the procedure may be helpful for standardization of RT-treatment planning.

Semiautomatic segmentation of glioblastoma (GB) for radiotherapy (RT) treatment planning

Giorgio De Nunzio;Marina Donativi
;
Antonella Castellano;
2017

Abstract

During the radiation therapy (RT) process, the treatment is planned and simulated with a treatment planning system (TPS). Contouring identifies the Planning Treatment Volume (PTV), that is the physical RT treatment volume. PTV of Glioblastoma (GB) includes, after expansion, Gross Tumor Volume (GTV, the tumor) and Clinical Target Volume (CTV, tumor plus edema). GlioCAD, a Computer-Assisted Detection software for contouring gliomas in MRI/DTI, was used to delineate GTV. The dataset included the images of 21 patients undergoing RT for GB. For each patient, we co-registered CT-planning images and diagnostic MRI (16 T1-gad, 6 T2 Flair, 13 Flair Fat Sat), which were used for GlioCAD training and validation. CAD outlined the tumor with good accuracy, after ruling out in post-processing some false positives. We identified reliable GTVs, suitable for RT requirements. An evolution of GlioCAD will take into account edema for outlining CTV. The method is promising. Together with a further automatic system for the delineation of organs at risk (OAR) in the brain, the procedure may be helpful for standardization of RT-treatment planning.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/419252
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