In the present work the performance of a multipoint lean direct injection strategy for low emission aero-propulsion systems has been experimentally and numerically investigated, and compared with the single point injection strategy. A swirler liquid fueled combustor was designed and used in experiments to investigate the flame behavior in lean and ultra-lean conditions for both the single-point and the multi-points injection strategies. Multipoint injection has been realized injecting an amount of fuel upstream the swirler inlet and using also the central injector as a “pilot” injection. As regarding the experimental facilities, the combustor is equipped with four optical accesses for high speed flame imaging and with pressure and temperature sensors. Experimental data on flame characteristics and pollutant emissions are obtained. The characterization of the flame was realized using intensified high rate CCD camera for the acquisition in the ultraviolet spectral range. In front of the camera various combinations of optical filters were installed to selectively record the respective chemiluminescent species (OH* and CH*). Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations were also performed for a deeper understanding of the flame characteristics under the two injection strategies. The typical combustor operations were reproduced to more deeply understand the differences between the injection modes and the related flame patterns. The numerical results show different temperature and species fields predicted for the non-premixed and the partially premixed cases and furnish relevant information about the fluid dynamics in the combustion chamber in both the injection conditions.

Experimental and Numerical Investigations on the Effect of Different Air-Fuel Mixing Strategies on the Performance of a Lean Liquid Fueled Swirled Combustor

Giorgi, Maria Grazia De;Sciolti, Aldebara;Campilongo, Stefano;Ficarella, Antonio
2016

Abstract

In the present work the performance of a multipoint lean direct injection strategy for low emission aero-propulsion systems has been experimentally and numerically investigated, and compared with the single point injection strategy. A swirler liquid fueled combustor was designed and used in experiments to investigate the flame behavior in lean and ultra-lean conditions for both the single-point and the multi-points injection strategies. Multipoint injection has been realized injecting an amount of fuel upstream the swirler inlet and using also the central injector as a “pilot” injection. As regarding the experimental facilities, the combustor is equipped with four optical accesses for high speed flame imaging and with pressure and temperature sensors. Experimental data on flame characteristics and pollutant emissions are obtained. The characterization of the flame was realized using intensified high rate CCD camera for the acquisition in the ultraviolet spectral range. In front of the camera various combinations of optical filters were installed to selectively record the respective chemiluminescent species (OH* and CH*). Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations were also performed for a deeper understanding of the flame characteristics under the two injection strategies. The typical combustor operations were reproduced to more deeply understand the differences between the injection modes and the related flame patterns. The numerical results show different temperature and species fields predicted for the non-premixed and the partially premixed cases and furnish relevant information about the fluid dynamics in the combustion chamber in both the injection conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/418454
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