In this paper, a study on 40 semi-structured interviews with users of the Italian health services and self-help groups is presented to gain a deeper insight on how members describe, understand, and face their problems with substance or behavioral addiction. A simple correspondence analysis (CA) was applied to the transcripts of the interviews to detect the main dimensions of sense which organize the users’ discourse about their problem and their request for help. In addition, constraint correspondence analysis (CCA) was applied to evaluate whether these dimensions are affected by the kind of help context the users belong to, type of addiction, age, and gender. No substantial differences emerged from CA and CCA. Results show that the users’ discourses focus on two different kinds of experience: the substance or gambling problem and the experience of being helped. Furthermore, dis/similarity in the user discourses concerns the way of symbolizing the problem motivating the request for help, identified with the addiction or with the breakup of one’s family and social relationships. Through the interviews, a view of addiction as a disorder affects the way users define their problem and define the goal of the treatment.

Discourses on Addiction among Gamblers and Drug Users in Treatment. An Analysis of the Interviews through Constrained Correspondence Analysis

Venuleo, Claudia;Ciavolino, Enrico;Calogiuri, Sara
2018

Abstract

In this paper, a study on 40 semi-structured interviews with users of the Italian health services and self-help groups is presented to gain a deeper insight on how members describe, understand, and face their problems with substance or behavioral addiction. A simple correspondence analysis (CA) was applied to the transcripts of the interviews to detect the main dimensions of sense which organize the users’ discourse about their problem and their request for help. In addition, constraint correspondence analysis (CCA) was applied to evaluate whether these dimensions are affected by the kind of help context the users belong to, type of addiction, age, and gender. No substantial differences emerged from CA and CCA. Results show that the users’ discourses focus on two different kinds of experience: the substance or gambling problem and the experience of being helped. Furthermore, dis/similarity in the user discourses concerns the way of symbolizing the problem motivating the request for help, identified with the addiction or with the breakup of one’s family and social relationships. Through the interviews, a view of addiction as a disorder affects the way users define their problem and define the goal of the treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/417989
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