There are three main issues under public discussion in Aristotelianism of the15th and 16th centuries. The first is methodological and relates to the role of scientific evidence. The second concerns the immortality of the soul. Both are very studied in the twentieth and twenty-first century. The third question relates to the characteristics and the role of the prime mover, which is God himself. This argument, which involves almost all the major scholars of humanistic Renaissance, was very little depth relatively to the others, even if it plays an important role both from a philosophical and from a theological point of view. It may be useful to examine how some of the sixteenth century thinkers, such as Elia del Medigo, Tommaso De Vio and Marco Antonio Zimara, have tried to reconcile the causality of the prime mover of Aristotle, which does not provide for the creation, with the biblical vision of God. In particular, the discussion focuses on the way the prime mover, which provides the only daily motion of the heavens, can also be in some way being producer.
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