A new experimental set-up dedicated to the simultaneous measurements of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios by IRMS (Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry) and 14C by AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) has been installed at CEDAD (Centre for Dating and Diagnostics)-University of Salento. The new set-up is formed by different functional blocks: an elemental analyzer, an IRMS spectrometer, a gas handling unit and a new hybrid sputtering ion source, connected to the AMS system. The general features of the new system are presented as well as the technical solutions adopted for its integration with the existing AMS system. Different tests were performed by analyzing samples of known isotopic composition and of different masses in order to define optimal operating conditions. In particular it is shown how radiocarbon measurements with precision of 0.6–0.7% and 1% are possible with the new system on samples of mass of the order of∼20 Ug and ∼10 Ug, respectively. Background levels of the order of 10−14 (14C/12C) have been also demonstrated. The new system has then significantly extended the experimental potential of the Centre in several research fields where the possibility to date very low mass samples is either a crucial advantage or mandatory such as in environmental sciences and cultural heritage dating.

Measuring stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes by IRMS and 14C by AMS on samples with masses in the microgram range: Performances of the system installed at CEDAD-University of Salento

Gianluca Quarta
;
Lucio Calcagnile;Lucio Maruccio
2017

Abstract

A new experimental set-up dedicated to the simultaneous measurements of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios by IRMS (Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry) and 14C by AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) has been installed at CEDAD (Centre for Dating and Diagnostics)-University of Salento. The new set-up is formed by different functional blocks: an elemental analyzer, an IRMS spectrometer, a gas handling unit and a new hybrid sputtering ion source, connected to the AMS system. The general features of the new system are presented as well as the technical solutions adopted for its integration with the existing AMS system. Different tests were performed by analyzing samples of known isotopic composition and of different masses in order to define optimal operating conditions. In particular it is shown how radiocarbon measurements with precision of 0.6–0.7% and 1% are possible with the new system on samples of mass of the order of∼20 Ug and ∼10 Ug, respectively. Background levels of the order of 10−14 (14C/12C) have been also demonstrated. The new system has then significantly extended the experimental potential of the Centre in several research fields where the possibility to date very low mass samples is either a crucial advantage or mandatory such as in environmental sciences and cultural heritage dating.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/415542
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