Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-destructive methodology. For the localisation of buried structures, it uses short time duration electromagnetic (EM) pulses lasting from about 1 ns to about 30 ns. Therefore, GPR is characterised by a wide frequency band ranging from 10 MHz to some GHz, and is useful in the localisation of EM discontinuities in the subsurface with high resolution. This paper describes an application of GPR to evaluate the state of maintenance of some travertine panels attached to the inside walls of a building housing the Bank of Naples in Campobasso and in danger of falling because of the numerous voids present between the wall and the panels. The aim of the survey was to assess whether the GPR technique could be used to detect the voids behind the travertine panels. The study was made to assist the design of the restoration works of the travertine covering. Because of the very narrow thickness of both the travertine plates and the voids, special care was needed in the acquisition and processing steps. The measurements were performed on two panels: one purposely put on to the laboratory wall with a known position of the voids; the other one selected from among the panels to be restored. Although pushed to the limit of the resolution achievable by the available antenna, the study has given quite good results.
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