This article is published in a Class A scientific journal - 11/C5 - History of Philosophy. This article was subject to a rigorous double blind peer review process. The purpose of this article is to provide a reconstruction of the theoretical and historical context of the evolution of the theory of regressus demonstrativus as it was treated around 1589. Approximately in this date Galilei writes the ms. 27 and begins his teaching at the University of Pisa where scientific research is closely linked to Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics. The theory of regressus demonstrativus is very important in the logical developments of Aristotelian tradition and is a fundamental methodological tool subject of university teaching from the late fourteenth to the early seventeenth century. It finds its highest theorizing within the University of Padua in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and, since that time, constitutes an essential argument of epistemological discussion in all European universities. The quaestio An detur regressus demonstrativus is the culmination of the speculation contained in ms. 27 which is the first Galileo’s work of logical and methodological nature: of this is provided the Latin text and the first translation into Italian.
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