Communities of innovation (CoI) was introduced at organisational level to pursue collaboratively innovation activities. By extending this concept at territorial level, they may become government’s tools to undertake innovative projects for local development. This work investigates whether and, if so, to what extent local governments support the development of CoI. We focused our attention on two different institutional settings, one in Italy and one in China. We performed a quantitative and qualitative investigation, relying on official data and web sources. With the first, we developed a measure to synthesise the intensity in promoting CoI; with the second, we highlighted the main programs’ characteristics and objectives supporting CoI. Results show that in both settings, local governments make significant policy efforts in promoting CoI, focusing on similar objectives and relying on similar tools. This highlights the engagement of governments and the relevance of their industrial policies to support the development of CoI.
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