cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (cisplatin) is among the highest effective antitumor drugs used for the chemotherapeutic treatment of a broad range of malignancies. Recently, alongside with the classical direct bond to DNA, an alternative mechanism of action mediated by N7 platinated nucleotides has been suggested for cisplatin. Considering that mitochondria play an important role in cell death activation and in a significant portion of the clinical activity and pharmacological properties associated with cisplatin, aim of this research was to evaluate the possibility that platinated deoxynucleotides, as the model complex [Pt(dien)(N7-5’-dGTP)] (1), dien=diethylenetriamine, could be transported into mitochondria and then incorporated into mtDNA. The kinetic characterization has revealed that the mitochondrial deoxynucleotide carrier (DNC) transports complex 1 with high affinity. Finally, a highly efficient in organello DNA synthesis system, followed by ICP-AES, has demonstrated that [Pt(dien)(N7-5’-dGTP)] is incorporated in the mitochondrial DNA by DNA polymerase g. These results may have critical implications in the development of new generations of anticancer and/or antiviral nucleotide analogues with more specific cellular targets and fewer side effects.
ROMANO, ALESSANDRO;LUNETTI, PAOLA;ANTONUCCI, DANIELA;VERRI, Tiziano;DE BENEDETTO, Giuseppe, Egidio;FANIZZI, Francesco Paolo;BENEDETTI, MICHELE
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