In this work we present the results of a study concerning the sensitivity properties of tellurium oxide (TeO(2)) thin films to ammonia gas. TeO(2) films were grown on quartz substrates by means of the rf reactive sputtering method using a tellurium target in an Ar-O(2) atmosphere with different O(2)/Ar ratio ranging from 35/65 to 50/50. The structure, surface morphology and chemical composition of the prepared films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The energy gap E(g) of the films was evaluated from transmission (T) and reflection (R) spectra. To characterize the films as sensors, experiments with ammonia (NH(3)) at concentration levels of 100-500 ppm and at operating temperatures ranging from 130 to 220 degrees C were performed. The films deposited with a O(2)/Ar ratio of 45/55 and thermally treated at 450 degrees C for 60 min were polycrystalline and showed satisfactory response to NH(3) at the optimum operating temperature of 170 degrees C. At this temperature the response and recovery times were about 3.1 and 5.6 min, respectively. The sensitivity of the TeO(2) films follows a power law relationship with the increase of the gas concentration. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

“Ammonia sensitivity of rf sputtered tellurium oxide thin films”

SICILIANO, Tiziana;DI GIULIO, Massimo;TEPORE, MARCO;FILIPPO, Emanuela;MICOCCI, Gioacchino;TEPORE, Antonio
2009-01-01

Abstract

In this work we present the results of a study concerning the sensitivity properties of tellurium oxide (TeO(2)) thin films to ammonia gas. TeO(2) films were grown on quartz substrates by means of the rf reactive sputtering method using a tellurium target in an Ar-O(2) atmosphere with different O(2)/Ar ratio ranging from 35/65 to 50/50. The structure, surface morphology and chemical composition of the prepared films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The energy gap E(g) of the films was evaluated from transmission (T) and reflection (R) spectra. To characterize the films as sensors, experiments with ammonia (NH(3)) at concentration levels of 100-500 ppm and at operating temperatures ranging from 130 to 220 degrees C were performed. The films deposited with a O(2)/Ar ratio of 45/55 and thermally treated at 450 degrees C for 60 min were polycrystalline and showed satisfactory response to NH(3) at the optimum operating temperature of 170 degrees C. At this temperature the response and recovery times were about 3.1 and 5.6 min, respectively. The sensitivity of the TeO(2) films follows a power law relationship with the increase of the gas concentration. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/330937
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