The precise characterization of plasmas generated by laser irradiation is needed for the development of ion sources. Since the characteristic parameters of the expanding plasma vary on both the distance and the time, an experimental study of their evolution is appropriate for a deeper knowledge of the plasma. The purpose of this work is to study same characteristics of laser plasma produced by ablation of a pure Cu target as function of the distance from the target along the propagation axis of the plasma plume. We irradiated the target by a KrF laser and a lens of 15 cm focal length. As the diagnostic system, a small Faraday cup array and an axial Faraday cup were utilized to study the spatial variation in the total charge carried by plasma ions. Charge loss during the plasma expansion was observed due to the recombination of charged species, which occurs within a critical distance, relatively close to the target, where the plasma density is high enough. The critical distance was determined for different laser fluences; beyond the critical distance the collisions among plasma particles are negligible and the ion charge remains frozen. It was observed that the critical distance increases as the laser fluence increases.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.