We studied the expression and the hormonal regulation of the PDS gene product, pendrin, which is, in thyrocytes, responsible for the iodide transport out of the cell. We show that PC C13 cells, a fully differentiated thyroid cell line, grown without TSH and insulin, express very low level of PDS mRNA; such expression is greatly increased after stimulation with insulin or TSH. (125)1 pre-loaded cells showed an (125)1 efflux accelerated in chloride-containing buffer with respect to chloride-free buffer, suggesting that this efflux is chloride dependent. By immunoblotting, pendrin was found in agonists-stimulated cells, whereas it was barely detectable in un-stimulated cells. An increase in both PDS mRNA and protein was also obtained using phorbol ester PMA, or using 8-Br-cAMP and forskolin. Stimulation with insulin ((125)1 mu g/ml: 0-40 min) provoked the cytosol-to-membrane translocation of pendrin and a decrease of intracellular I content in 25 1 pre-loaded cells. Insulin- or PMA-treated cells also showed a cytosol-to-membrane translocation of PKC-delta and -epsilon. Inhibition of both PKC-delta and -epsilon. activities by GF 109203X blocked pendrin translocation, whilst the inhibition of PKA did not. The selective inhibition of PKC-delta by rottlerin did not affect the insulin-provoked translocation of pendrin whilst it was inhibited by a PKC-epsilon, translocation inhibitor peptide and also by PKC-epsilon clownregulation using the small interfering RNA, thus indicating that such translocation was due to PKC-epsilon, activity. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that, in PC C13 cells, pendrin expression and localisation are regulated by insulin and influenced by a PKC-epsilon depenclent intracellular pathway.

PKC-epsilon-dependent cytosol-to-membrane translocation of pendrin in rat thyroid PC Cl3 cells.

MUSCELLA, Antonella
Primo
Conceptualization
;
MARSIGLIANTE, Santo;VERRI, Tiziano;STORELLI, Carlo
2008

Abstract

We studied the expression and the hormonal regulation of the PDS gene product, pendrin, which is, in thyrocytes, responsible for the iodide transport out of the cell. We show that PC C13 cells, a fully differentiated thyroid cell line, grown without TSH and insulin, express very low level of PDS mRNA; such expression is greatly increased after stimulation with insulin or TSH. (125)1 pre-loaded cells showed an (125)1 efflux accelerated in chloride-containing buffer with respect to chloride-free buffer, suggesting that this efflux is chloride dependent. By immunoblotting, pendrin was found in agonists-stimulated cells, whereas it was barely detectable in un-stimulated cells. An increase in both PDS mRNA and protein was also obtained using phorbol ester PMA, or using 8-Br-cAMP and forskolin. Stimulation with insulin ((125)1 mu g/ml: 0-40 min) provoked the cytosol-to-membrane translocation of pendrin and a decrease of intracellular I content in 25 1 pre-loaded cells. Insulin- or PMA-treated cells also showed a cytosol-to-membrane translocation of PKC-delta and -epsilon. Inhibition of both PKC-delta and -epsilon. activities by GF 109203X blocked pendrin translocation, whilst the inhibition of PKA did not. The selective inhibition of PKC-delta by rottlerin did not affect the insulin-provoked translocation of pendrin whilst it was inhibited by a PKC-epsilon, translocation inhibitor peptide and also by PKC-epsilon clownregulation using the small interfering RNA, thus indicating that such translocation was due to PKC-epsilon, activity. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that, in PC C13 cells, pendrin expression and localisation are regulated by insulin and influenced by a PKC-epsilon depenclent intracellular pathway.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/108630
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