The present study is concerned with the phase change during rapid depressurization of fluids: the role of vapor bubbles nucleation and growth and the effect on the system fluid dynamics were modeled and experimental measurements were made. Following a control-volume approach, averaged equations governing the motion of a one-dimensional, homogeneous, no-slip two-phase flow were used considering both thermal equilibrium (equal temperature) and non-equilibrium (non-equal temperature) between the liquid and vapor phases. In the non-equilibrium model, the heat transfer from the liquid to the vapor and the corresponding mass transfer velocity were modeled. Model results were compared with experimental data for a loss-of-coolant accident in nuclear power plants: the comparison of numerical vs. experimental data showed the role of nucleation velocity during the earliest phase of rapid depressurization. The experimental study of two-phase flow in a diesel engine injection system has been carried out using a rotative pump which is operated by using a purpose-developed test-bench; pressure measurements inside the system pipes were performed using pressure transducers; moreover, an ultrasonic technique was employed to study phase change phenomena. Several measurements were performed comparing the results obtained by different experimental techniques with the model outputs.

Experimental and Numerical Investigation on Cavitating Flows in Diesel Injection Systems

FICARELLA, Antonio;LAFORGIA, Domenico
1998

Abstract

The present study is concerned with the phase change during rapid depressurization of fluids: the role of vapor bubbles nucleation and growth and the effect on the system fluid dynamics were modeled and experimental measurements were made. Following a control-volume approach, averaged equations governing the motion of a one-dimensional, homogeneous, no-slip two-phase flow were used considering both thermal equilibrium (equal temperature) and non-equilibrium (non-equal temperature) between the liquid and vapor phases. In the non-equilibrium model, the heat transfer from the liquid to the vapor and the corresponding mass transfer velocity were modeled. Model results were compared with experimental data for a loss-of-coolant accident in nuclear power plants: the comparison of numerical vs. experimental data showed the role of nucleation velocity during the earliest phase of rapid depressurization. The experimental study of two-phase flow in a diesel engine injection system has been carried out using a rotative pump which is operated by using a purpose-developed test-bench; pressure measurements inside the system pipes were performed using pressure transducers; moreover, an ultrasonic technique was employed to study phase change phenomena. Several measurements were performed comparing the results obtained by different experimental techniques with the model outputs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/108448
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