The morphology and structure of metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy grown homoepitaxial (1 0 0)ZnTe layers on high-quality substrates grown by the vertical gradient freezing method is reported. Growth below 350 °C leads to surface ridging along a 110 in-plane direction of the epilayer, the morphology of samples grown at or above 350 °C depending instead on the Te:Zn ad-atom relative abundance. Nearly featureless morphology is observed for epilayers grown under Zn-rich or nearly stoichiometric surface conditions, whereas large pyramid-like hillocks develop on Terich surfaces, their density reaching up to 106 – 107 cm2. Hillock formation is supposed to be driven by Te ad-atoms experiencing a Schwoebel potential barrier at the step edges around spiral centres, the latter ascribed to partial dislocation pairs bounding stacking faults (SFs). Analysis of the X-ray diffuse scattering intensity around the (4 0 0) reciprocal lattice point of the samples demonstrates that SFs occur in epilayers grown at or above 350 °C, their density increasing with the growth temperature. The SF average diameter on {1 1 1} planes is estimated as 200–300 nm.

Morphology and crystallinity of homoepitaxial (100)ZnTe: interplay between surface ad-atom stoichiometry and planar defects nucleation during MOVPE

LOVERGINE, Nicola;PRETE, Paola;MANCINI, Anna Maria
2005

Abstract

The morphology and structure of metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy grown homoepitaxial (1 0 0)ZnTe layers on high-quality substrates grown by the vertical gradient freezing method is reported. Growth below 350 °C leads to surface ridging along a 110 in-plane direction of the epilayer, the morphology of samples grown at or above 350 °C depending instead on the Te:Zn ad-atom relative abundance. Nearly featureless morphology is observed for epilayers grown under Zn-rich or nearly stoichiometric surface conditions, whereas large pyramid-like hillocks develop on Terich surfaces, their density reaching up to 106 – 107 cm2. Hillock formation is supposed to be driven by Te ad-atoms experiencing a Schwoebel potential barrier at the step edges around spiral centres, the latter ascribed to partial dislocation pairs bounding stacking faults (SFs). Analysis of the X-ray diffuse scattering intensity around the (4 0 0) reciprocal lattice point of the samples demonstrates that SFs occur in epilayers grown at or above 350 °C, their density increasing with the growth temperature. The SF average diameter on {1 1 1} planes is estimated as 200–300 nm.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/106057
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