Extensive investigations of cis-[Pt(diA)G2] complexes (in which G = a guanine ligand; diA = a single diafnine ligand) revealed the types of interactions between the two G ligands and between the G and the cis-amine substituents when diA is a diamine ligand with substituents on each nitrogen atom being a small hydrogen atom and a bulky group able to slow the rotation about the Pt-G bond. All these interactions are shown to apply also when diA = dach (1,2-diaminocyclohexane), even though this chiral primary diamine has only small N-H atoms on each side of the coordination plane. However, a slight difference in the stereochemistry of the two protons (one N-H has "quasi axial" and the other "quasi equatorial" character) is sufficient to induce a significant change in the relative stabilities of the [Pt-(dach)G2] ΔHT and ΛHT rotamers (HT = head-to-tail). The new results show that at acidic and neutral pH the induction of asymmetry from the dach ligand to the HT rotamers is governed by the G-to-G dipole-dipole interaction, which is greater for the six-membered ring of each guanine leaning towards the cis-G. Such a "six-in" canting of the two guanine ligands can be hampered by the steric interaction between the H8 of each guanine and the substituent on the cis-amine that is on the same side of the coordination plane. Such a repulsion is greater for a "quasi equatorial" N-H than for a "quasi axial" N-H. Under basic pH conditions, deprotonation of the guanine N1-H renders the O6 atom a much better hydrogen-bond acceptor; therefore, the stability of the HT rotamers is governed by the hydrogen-bond interaction of guanine O6 and the cis-amine N-H group. Such a guanine O6/N-H cis-amine interaction is stronger for a "quasi axial" than for a "quasi equatorial" N-H group. In the head-to-head (HH) rotamer, in which the electrostatic repulsion between electron-rich O6 atoms, both on the same side of the platinum coordination plane, tends to place the six-membered rings of each guanine further from the cis-guanine and closer to the cis-amine, we can expect better N-H⋯O6 hydrogen bonding for the "quasi equatorial" N-H groups.

Rotamer stability in cis-[Pt(diA)G(2)] complexes (diA = diamine derivative and G = guanine derivative) mediated by carrier-ligand amine stereochemistry as revealed by circular dichroism spectroscopy

BENEDETTI, MICHELE;
2005

Abstract

Extensive investigations of cis-[Pt(diA)G2] complexes (in which G = a guanine ligand; diA = a single diafnine ligand) revealed the types of interactions between the two G ligands and between the G and the cis-amine substituents when diA is a diamine ligand with substituents on each nitrogen atom being a small hydrogen atom and a bulky group able to slow the rotation about the Pt-G bond. All these interactions are shown to apply also when diA = dach (1,2-diaminocyclohexane), even though this chiral primary diamine has only small N-H atoms on each side of the coordination plane. However, a slight difference in the stereochemistry of the two protons (one N-H has "quasi axial" and the other "quasi equatorial" character) is sufficient to induce a significant change in the relative stabilities of the [Pt-(dach)G2] ΔHT and ΛHT rotamers (HT = head-to-tail). The new results show that at acidic and neutral pH the induction of asymmetry from the dach ligand to the HT rotamers is governed by the G-to-G dipole-dipole interaction, which is greater for the six-membered ring of each guanine leaning towards the cis-G. Such a "six-in" canting of the two guanine ligands can be hampered by the steric interaction between the H8 of each guanine and the substituent on the cis-amine that is on the same side of the coordination plane. Such a repulsion is greater for a "quasi equatorial" N-H than for a "quasi axial" N-H. Under basic pH conditions, deprotonation of the guanine N1-H renders the O6 atom a much better hydrogen-bond acceptor; therefore, the stability of the HT rotamers is governed by the hydrogen-bond interaction of guanine O6 and the cis-amine N-H group. Such a guanine O6/N-H cis-amine interaction is stronger for a "quasi axial" than for a "quasi equatorial" N-H group. In the head-to-head (HH) rotamer, in which the electrostatic repulsion between electron-rich O6 atoms, both on the same side of the platinum coordination plane, tends to place the six-membered rings of each guanine further from the cis-guanine and closer to the cis-amine, we can expect better N-H⋯O6 hydrogen bonding for the "quasi equatorial" N-H groups.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/106002
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 24
social impact