Previous studies from this laboratory have drawn attention to discrepancies between enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) and steroid binding assay (SBA) in the analysis of oestrogen receptors (ER) in breast tumours. In particular, EIA values were at least 3-fold higher than SBA values in tumours which also contained progesterone receptors (PR) when both 4 and 8S isoforms of the ER are present. To test the influence of these isoforms on the two assay systems, the relationships between the oestrogen receptor (ER) values obtained by EIA and SBA were examined in tumour cytosols prepared in the presence of molybdate and protease inhibitors to prevent degradation of the 8S form. Under these conditions, values for ER were the same by EIA and SBA (slope = 1.08, r = 0.886, n = 25) when EIA was performed using low salt phosphate buffer instead of the high salt-containing Abbott-diluent provided with the kit. However, after disruption of the 8S assembly using high K+ concentration, the slope of the regression was 6.37, r = 0.865, n = 25. Using ER from rat uterus, EIA was also performed on intact 8S oligomers, on 8S ER dissociated by high salt, and on glycerol density gradient-fractionated 4S ER. The identity of the ER oligomers and components was confirmed by glycerol density gradient fractionation, and by isoelectric focussing. For the 4S ER, EIA gave similar values whether using low or high salt phosphate buffer. However EIA values for the 8S form were 2-fold higher when the supplied diluent was used than when the assay was performed in low salt buffer. The amount of oestradiol which could be extracted was affected by the different conditions used. Addition of KCl or trypsin to disrupt the 8S ER caused an increase in the amount of extractable oestradiol compared with control values (control = 52 +/- 4.0, high KCl = 91 +/- 4.4, trypsin = 152 +/- 7.5, pg oestradiol/mg protein). We conclude that further antibody binding sites are revealed from the 8S ER form after its disaggregation by high salt. The steroid extraction data also suggests the possibility that tightly bound steroid is retained within the 8S ER structure, and released by 8S disaggregation. Both of these may contribute to the differences between EIA and SBA values.

Significance of the 8S complex in oestrogen receptor recognition

MARSIGLIANTE, Santo;
1991

Abstract

Previous studies from this laboratory have drawn attention to discrepancies between enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) and steroid binding assay (SBA) in the analysis of oestrogen receptors (ER) in breast tumours. In particular, EIA values were at least 3-fold higher than SBA values in tumours which also contained progesterone receptors (PR) when both 4 and 8S isoforms of the ER are present. To test the influence of these isoforms on the two assay systems, the relationships between the oestrogen receptor (ER) values obtained by EIA and SBA were examined in tumour cytosols prepared in the presence of molybdate and protease inhibitors to prevent degradation of the 8S form. Under these conditions, values for ER were the same by EIA and SBA (slope = 1.08, r = 0.886, n = 25) when EIA was performed using low salt phosphate buffer instead of the high salt-containing Abbott-diluent provided with the kit. However, after disruption of the 8S assembly using high K+ concentration, the slope of the regression was 6.37, r = 0.865, n = 25. Using ER from rat uterus, EIA was also performed on intact 8S oligomers, on 8S ER dissociated by high salt, and on glycerol density gradient-fractionated 4S ER. The identity of the ER oligomers and components was confirmed by glycerol density gradient fractionation, and by isoelectric focussing. For the 4S ER, EIA gave similar values whether using low or high salt phosphate buffer. However EIA values for the 8S form were 2-fold higher when the supplied diluent was used than when the assay was performed in low salt buffer. The amount of oestradiol which could be extracted was affected by the different conditions used. Addition of KCl or trypsin to disrupt the 8S ER caused an increase in the amount of extractable oestradiol compared with control values (control = 52 +/- 4.0, high KCl = 91 +/- 4.4, trypsin = 152 +/- 7.5, pg oestradiol/mg protein). We conclude that further antibody binding sites are revealed from the 8S ER form after its disaggregation by high salt. The steroid extraction data also suggests the possibility that tightly bound steroid is retained within the 8S ER structure, and released by 8S disaggregation. Both of these may contribute to the differences between EIA and SBA values.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/105654
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