Spherule cells are specific types of coelomocytes found in both the coelomic fluids and the connective tissues of many echinoderm groups and are characterised by large membrane-bound inclusions which completely fill their cytoplasm. In holothurians they are present in massive number in the coelomic fluids and are employed in brown body formation. Brown bodies are products of encapsulation and mainly consist of phagocytic amoebocytes and spherule cells: they surround foreign particles too large to be ingested by circulating phagocytes. During brown body formation, phagocytic amoebocytes flatten out over the surface of foreign particles to form unpigmented nodules which eventually aggregate into a single brown body in which many spherule cells are entrapped. Morphological modifications of spherule cells were studied in Holothuria polii following the induction of brown body formation by intracoelomic injection of sheep erythrocytes. Our ultrastructural observations provide evidence that the granules undergo typical exocytosis after previous disorganisation of their content and suggest a specific secretory activity for the spherule cells. The possible functional role of the secreted vacuolar material in brown body formation is discussed.

The spherule cells of Holothuria polii Delle Chiaie, 1823, (Aspidochirata, Holothuroidea) during brown body formation: an ultrastructural study.

PAGLIARA, Patrizia;
2003

Abstract

Spherule cells are specific types of coelomocytes found in both the coelomic fluids and the connective tissues of many echinoderm groups and are characterised by large membrane-bound inclusions which completely fill their cytoplasm. In holothurians they are present in massive number in the coelomic fluids and are employed in brown body formation. Brown bodies are products of encapsulation and mainly consist of phagocytic amoebocytes and spherule cells: they surround foreign particles too large to be ingested by circulating phagocytes. During brown body formation, phagocytic amoebocytes flatten out over the surface of foreign particles to form unpigmented nodules which eventually aggregate into a single brown body in which many spherule cells are entrapped. Morphological modifications of spherule cells were studied in Holothuria polii following the induction of brown body formation by intracoelomic injection of sheep erythrocytes. Our ultrastructural observations provide evidence that the granules undergo typical exocytosis after previous disorganisation of their content and suggest a specific secretory activity for the spherule cells. The possible functional role of the secreted vacuolar material in brown body formation is discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/105065
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