The crystal-Stellate system is one of the most known example of interaction between heterochromatin and euchromatin: a heterochromatic locus on the Y chromosome (crystal) 'represses' a euchromatic locus (Stellate) on the X chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster. The molecular mechanism regulating this interaction is not completely understood. It is becoming clear that an RNA interference (RNAi) mechanism could be responsible for the silencing carried out by crystal on the Stellate sequences. Here, a detailed structural analysis of all the sequences involved in the system is reported, demonstrating a their 'puzzling' structure. In addition three autosomal mutations: sting, scratch and sirio are described that interfere with the system. All of them are male sterile mutations and exhibit crystals made by the STELLATE protein in their primary spermatocytes. They are requested during oogenesis and early in embryogenesis as well. Hypothesis on the involvement of these genes in activating the Stellate sequences are discussed.
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