BACKGROUND: Malfunction of the SLC26A4 protein leads to prelingual deafness often associated with mild thyroid dysfunction and goiter. It is assumed that SLC26A4 acts as a chloride/anion exchanger responsible for the iodide organification in the thyroid gland, and conditioning of the endolymphatic fluid in the inner ear. METHODS: Chloride uptake studies were made using HEK293-Phoenix cells expressing human wild type SLC26A4 (pendrin) and a mutant (SLC26A4(S28R)) we recently described in a patient with hypothyroidism, goiter and sensorineural hearing loss. RESULTS: Experiments are summarized showing the functional characterization of wild type SLC26A4 and a mutant (S28R), which we described recently. This mutant protein is transposed towards the cell membrane, however, its transport capability is markedly reduced if compared to wild-type SLC26A4. Furthermore, we show that the SLC26A4 induced chloride uptake in HEK293-Phoenix cells competes with iodide, and, in addition, that the chloride uptake can be blocked by NPPB and niflumic acid, whereas DIDS is ineffective. CONCLUSIONS: The functional characteristics of SLC26A4(S28R) we describe here, are consistent with the clinical phenotype observed in the patient from which the mutant was derived.

FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERIZATION OF WILD-TYPE AND A MUTATED FORM OF SLC26A4 IDENTIFIED IN A PATIENT WITH PENDRED SYNDROME.

STORELLI, Carlo;
2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Malfunction of the SLC26A4 protein leads to prelingual deafness often associated with mild thyroid dysfunction and goiter. It is assumed that SLC26A4 acts as a chloride/anion exchanger responsible for the iodide organification in the thyroid gland, and conditioning of the endolymphatic fluid in the inner ear. METHODS: Chloride uptake studies were made using HEK293-Phoenix cells expressing human wild type SLC26A4 (pendrin) and a mutant (SLC26A4(S28R)) we recently described in a patient with hypothyroidism, goiter and sensorineural hearing loss. RESULTS: Experiments are summarized showing the functional characterization of wild type SLC26A4 and a mutant (S28R), which we described recently. This mutant protein is transposed towards the cell membrane, however, its transport capability is markedly reduced if compared to wild-type SLC26A4. Furthermore, we show that the SLC26A4 induced chloride uptake in HEK293-Phoenix cells competes with iodide, and, in addition, that the chloride uptake can be blocked by NPPB and niflumic acid, whereas DIDS is ineffective. CONCLUSIONS: The functional characteristics of SLC26A4(S28R) we describe here, are consistent with the clinical phenotype observed in the patient from which the mutant was derived.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/104215
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