The effects of climate, pollution and human negligence cause severe and sometimes irreversible damage to buildings and monuments of cultural interest. It is well known that the presence of water and/or moisture content in a porous material is the initial cause of deterioration. In a previous paper, the authors reported an integrated study on a building of cultural importance, namely the crypt of the Cattedrale di Otranto in Apulia, Italy, based on non-destructive integrated biological and physical surveys. The method described was able to identify the ‘internal’ factors responsible for deterioration. It was discovered that the distribution of moisture in the stone depended mainly on adverse environmental conditions, and the presence of wet buried structures in the ground. The first aim of the present study was to identify subsurface water-content in this same crypt using a ground-penetrating radar (GPR) technique, and to compare these results with those of the previous microclimatic survey. In particular, the existence of underground discontinuities was verified; we located them and analysed their influence. Moreover, by means of velocity analysis, we obtained a quantitative estimate of the volumetric water-content under the pavement of the crypt. This finding completes the results of the previous research, as it indicates the causes of the deterioration in the crypt and provides significant information, on the basis of which, effective decisions can be made for safeguarding the historic building.

Subsurface water-content identification in a crypt using GPR and comparison with microclimatic conditions

LEUCCI, Giovanni;CATALDO, Rosella;DE NUNZIO, Giorgio
2006

Abstract

The effects of climate, pollution and human negligence cause severe and sometimes irreversible damage to buildings and monuments of cultural interest. It is well known that the presence of water and/or moisture content in a porous material is the initial cause of deterioration. In a previous paper, the authors reported an integrated study on a building of cultural importance, namely the crypt of the Cattedrale di Otranto in Apulia, Italy, based on non-destructive integrated biological and physical surveys. The method described was able to identify the ‘internal’ factors responsible for deterioration. It was discovered that the distribution of moisture in the stone depended mainly on adverse environmental conditions, and the presence of wet buried structures in the ground. The first aim of the present study was to identify subsurface water-content in this same crypt using a ground-penetrating radar (GPR) technique, and to compare these results with those of the previous microclimatic survey. In particular, the existence of underground discontinuities was verified; we located them and analysed their influence. Moreover, by means of velocity analysis, we obtained a quantitative estimate of the volumetric water-content under the pavement of the crypt. This finding completes the results of the previous research, as it indicates the causes of the deterioration in the crypt and provides significant information, on the basis of which, effective decisions can be made for safeguarding the historic building.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/101976
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