Olfactory perception is affected by cross-modal interactions between different senses. However, although the effect of cross-modal interactions for smell have been well investigated, little attention has been paid to the facilitation expressed by haptic interactions with a manipulation of the odorous object’s shape. The aim of this research is to investigate whether there is a cortical modulation in a visual recognition task if the stimulus is processed through an odorous cross-modal pathway or by haptic manipulation, and how these interactions may have an influence on early visual-recognition patterns. Ten healthy non-smoking subjects (25 years ± 5 years) were trained to have a haptic manipulation of 3-D models and olfactory stimulation. Subsequently, a visual recognition task was performed during an electroencephalography recording to investigate the P3 Event Related Potentials components. The subjects had to respond on the keyboard according to their subjective predominant recognition (olfactory or haptic). The effects of haptic and olfactory condition were assessed via linear mixed-effects models (LMMs) of the lme4 package. This model allows for the variance related to random factors to be controlled without any data aggregation. The main results highlighted that P3 increased in the olfactory cross-modal condition, with a significant two-way interaction between odor and left-sided lateralization. Furthermore, our results could be interpreted according to ventral and dorsal pathways as favorite ways to olfactory crossmodal perception.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.